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On party-proportional representation under district distortions

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  • Gabrielle Demange

    (PSE - Paris-Jourdan Sciences Economiques - CNRS : UMR8545 - École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales (EHESS) - École des Ponts ParisTech (ENPC) - École normale supérieure [ENS] - Paris - Institut national de la recherche agronomique (INRA), EEP-PSE - Ecole d'Économie de Paris - Paris School of Economics - Ecole d'Économie de Paris)

Abstract

The paper presents the problem of choosing the representatives in an assembly when the whole electoral region is subdivided into electoral districts. Because of the two dimensions, geographical (districts) and political (parties), the problem is called bi-apportionment. Often the allocation of seats to districts is pre-determined and furthermore distorted ---meaning that the ratios of the number of assigned seats to population size vary significantly across districts. The paper surveys proposed bi-apportionment methods with a focus on the conflict that may arise between party-proportional representation under district distortions.

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File URL: http://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/docs/00/63/66/57/PDF/wp201132.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by HAL in its series Working Papers with number halshs-00623031.

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Date of creation: Oct 2011
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Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:halshs-00623031

Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: http://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00623031
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Related research

Keywords: Party-proportional representation ; (bi-)apportionment ; (bi-)divisor methods ; fair shares;

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  1. Sebastian Maier & Petur Zachariassen & Martin Zachariasen, 2010. "Divisor-Based Biproportional Apportionment in Electoral Systems: A Real-Life Benchmark Study," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 56(2), pages 373-387, February.
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