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An economic analysis of the production of hydrogen from wind-generated electricity for use in transport applications


Author Info

  • Philippe Menanteau

    (LEPII - Laboratoire d'Économie de la Production et de l'Intégration Internationale - CNRS : FRE3389 - Université Pierre Mendès-France - Grenoble II)

  • Marie-Marguerite Quéméré

    (EDF - EDF Recherche et Développement)

  • Alain Le Duigou

    (CEA - CEA)

  • Sandra Le Bastard

    (EDF - EDF)

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    Wind-generated electricity is often considered a particularly promising option for producing hydrogen from renewable energy sources. However, the economic performances of such systems generally remain unclear because of unspecified or favorable assumptions and operating conditions. The aim of this paper is to clarify these conditions by examining how the hydrogen produced is used. The analysis that has been conducted in the framework of the HyFrance 3 project concerns hydrogen for transport applications. Different technical systems are considered such as motorway hydrogen filling stations, Hythane®-fueled buses or second-generation biofuels production, which present contrasted hydrogen use characteristics. This analysis reveals considerable variations in hydrogen production costs depending on the demand profiles concerned, with the most favorable configurations being those in which storage systems are kept to a minimum.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by HAL in its series Post-Print with number halshs-00582762.

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    Date of creation: May 2011
    Date of revision:
    Publication status: Published, Energy Policy, 2011, 39, 5, 2957-2965
    Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00582762

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    Keywords: wind power ; hydrogen production;

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    Cited by:
    1. Le Duigou, Alain & Quéméré, Marie-Marguerite & Marion, Pierre & Menanteau, Philippe & Decarre, Sandrine & Sinegre, Laure & Nadau, Lionel & Rastetter, Aline & Cuni, Aude & Mulard, Philippe & Antoine, 2013. "Hydrogen pathways in France: Results of the HyFrance3 Project," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 62(C), pages 1562-1569.


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