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L'analyse économique des normes : représentation et traitement des interactions dans les modèles de simulation

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  • Yves Saillard

    ()
    (LEPII - Laboratoire d'Economie de la Production et de l'Intégration Internationale - CNRS : FRE2664 - Université Pierre Mendès-France - Grenoble II)

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    Abstract

    L'ensemble des travaux que l'on regroupe sous la même dénomination d'"analyse économique des normes" sont relativement dispersés. Ce qui fait leur point commun est qu'ils se revendiquent de l'individualisme méthodologique et qu'ils donnent lieu à des modélisations de l'interaction entre les acteurs. La présentation qui en est faite ici vise moins la rédaction d'un "survey" que l'indication des hypothèses principales et des options de recherche choisies. Après avoir précisé les termes d'une convergence de travaux récents vers une analyse économique des normes, on se concentre sur deux grands axes de ces approches : les démarches "analytiques" qui reposent sur des modèles stochastiques, et les simulations multi-agents.

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    Paper provided by HAL in its series Post-Print with number halshs-00104866.

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    Date of creation: 2004
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    Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00104866

    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: http://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00104866/en/
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    Keywords: analyse économique ; norme ; modèle ; simulation;

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    1. Young, H Peyton, 1993. "The Evolution of Conventions," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 61(1), pages 57-84, January.
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    10. H. Peyton Young, 1996. "The Economics of Convention," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 10(2), pages 105-122, Spring.
    11. Epstein, Joshua M, 2001. "Learning to Be Thoughtless: Social Norms and Individual Computation," Computational Economics, Society for Computational Economics, vol. 18(1), pages 9-24, August.
    12. Robert L. Axtell, 2000. "Effect of Interaction Topology and Activation Regime in Several Multi-Agent Systems," Working Papers 00-07-039, Santa Fe Institute.
    13. Joseph E. Harrington & Jr., 1999. "Rigidity of Social Systems," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 107(1), pages 40-64, February.
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