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Comment expliquer la permanence de l'artisanat dans le transport fluvial de marchandises ?

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Author Info

  • Marianne Fischman

    ()
    (CES - Centre d'économie de la Sorbonne - CNRS : UMR8174 - Université Paris I - Panthéon-Sorbonne)

  • Emeric Lendjel

    (CES - Centre d'économie de la Sorbonne - CNRS : UMR8174 - Université Paris I - Panthéon-Sorbonne)

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    Abstract

    Dans le transport fluvial de marchandises, la batellerie artisanale a depuis longtemps dominé en nombre. Ce phénomène est surprenant à plus d'un titre. Tout d'abord parce que les bateliers sont particulièrement touchés par la crise qui frappe le secteur. Ensuite parce que celui-ci se caractérise par un fort mouvement de concentration depuis 1975, auquel la batellerie artisanale n'échappe pas, avec la création de coopératives d'artisans bateliers. Enfin, parce que les artisans ne disposent pas des meilleurs atouts économiques comparativement aux compagnies fluviales. Plusieurs explications peuvent être avancées. Des raisons historiques institutionnelles éclairent en partie ce phénomène. Des arguments théoriques, relatifs aux rendements d'échelle dans les industries de réseaux (les économies liées à la taille du réseau, les économies de densité et les économies d'envergure) complètent cet éclairage. Associés à l'environnement réglementaire actuel, ils permettent de comprendre pourquoi le secteur trouve son intérêt dans la permanence de la batellerie artisanale.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by HAL in its series Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) with number halshs-00582556.

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    Date of creation: Dec 2010
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    Publication status: Published, Transports, 2010, 464, 1-13
    Handle: RePEc:hal:cesptp:halshs-00582556

    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: http://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00582556
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    Related research

    Keywords: Transport fluvial ; batellerie artisanale ; structure de l'offre;

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

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    1. Bailey, Elizabeth E & Friedlaender, Ann F, 1982. "Market Structure and Multiproduct Industries," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 20(3), pages 1024-48, September.
    2. Baumol, William J, 1977. "On the Proper Cost Tests for Natural Monopoly in a Multiproduct Industry," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 67(5), pages 809-22, December.
    3. Benito Arruñada & Manuel González-Díaz & Alberto Fernández, 2004. "Determinants of organizational form: transaction costs and institutions in the European trucking industry," Industrial and Corporate Change, Oxford University Press, vol. 13(6), pages 867-882, December.
    4. Baumol, William J & Fischer, Dietrich, 1978. "Cost-Minimizing Number of Firms and Determination of Industry Structure," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 92(3), pages 439-67, August.
    5. Leonard W. Weiss, 1964. "The Survival Technique and the Extent of Suboptimal Capacity," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 72, pages 246.
    6. Panzar, John C & Willig, Robert D, 1977. "Economies of Scale in Multi-Output Production," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 91(3), pages 481-93, August.
    7. Eccles, Robert G., 1981. "The quasifirm in the construction industry," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 2(4), pages 335-357, December.
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