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Costes irrecuperables de exportación, productividad y elección de mercado de exportación de las empresas españolas

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Author Info

  • José Vicente Blanes Cristóbal

    ()
    (Universidad Pablo de Olavide)

  • Juliette Milgram Baleix

    ()
    (Universidad de Granada. Department of Economic Theory and History)

Abstract

Este trabajo analiza si los costes irrecuperables de exportación difieren según el mercado de exportación y como ello afecta a la decisión de exportar de las empresas españolas. Dado que las pequeñas y medianas empresas presentan características distintas a las grandes empresas, analizamos también si estos costes irrecuperables afectan de manera distinta a la decisión de exportar en función del tamaño de la empresa. Del mismo modo se analiza si la productividad afecta a la decisión de exportar de un modo distinto en función el destino. Para ello, utilizamos una muestra continua de empresas extraída de la Encuesta sobre Estrategias Empresariales (ESEE) del período 1990-2002. Nuestros resultados muestran que los costes para entrar (y volver a entrar) son distintos según el mercado de exportación y, aunque en menor medida, según el tamaño de la empresa. El valor de la experiencia exportadora a la UE ayuda tanto a exportar a la UE como a la OCDE pero no al RDM. Esto es así tanto para empresas grandes como pequeñas. La productividad es un factor especialmente relevante en los destinos de exportación más avanzados tales como la UE.

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File URL: http://www.ugr.es/~teoriahe/RePEc/gra/fegper/FEGWP409.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Faculty of Economics and Business (University of Granada) in its series FEG Working Paper Series with number 09/04.

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Length: 29 pages
Date of creation: 10 Jul 2009
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:gra:fegper:09/04

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Related research

Keywords: : costes irrecuperables; empresas heterogéneas; mercados de exportación; productividad;

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References

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  1. Davide Castellani & Francesco Serti & Chiara Tomasi, 2008. "Firms in International Trade: Importers and Exporters Heterogeneity in the Italian Manufacturing Industry," LEM Papers Series 2008/04, Laboratory of Economics and Management (LEM), Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies, Pisa, Italy.
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  12. Silviano Pérez & Amparo Llopis & Juan Llopis, 2004. "The Determinants of Survival of Spanish Manufacturing Firms," Review of Industrial Organization, Springer, vol. 25(3), pages 251-273, 08.
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  14. Andrew B. Bernard, 2004. "Exporting and Productivity in the USA," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 20(3), pages 343-357, Autumn.
  15. Juan Manez & Maria Rochina & Juan Sanchis, 2004. "The decision to export: a panel data analysis for Spanish manufacturing," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 11(11), pages 669-673.
  16. Lourdes Moreno Martín & Diego Rodríguez, 1998. "Efectos de la inversión extranjera directa en los flujos comerciales de las empresas," Investigaciones Economicas, Fundación SEPI, vol. 22(2), pages 179-199, May.
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