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Do limitations in land rights transferability influence mobility rates in Ethiopia?:

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Author Info

  • de Brauw, Alan
  • Mueller, Valerie

Abstract

The migration of household members is potentially an attractive pathway out of poverty for many rural households in developing countries. Such households face the challenge of maintaining or improving their livelihoods in the presence of capital market imperfections, vulnerability to climate and macroeconomic shocks, and inaccessibility to credit. For many such households, labor is their main productive asset. Access to opportunities in distant labor markets through migration can increase the earning potential of members of such households (Harris and Todaro 1970). Furthermore, if migration takes place as part of a household decision making strategy, it can help the source household reduce income risks (Stark 1991, Azam and Gubert 2006), at the very least, and potentially improve the well being of the entire household (de Brauw and Harigaya 2007). From the former perspective, households can diversify income risk preemptively by allocating labor spatially to areas where risks to income are not correlated with rural income shocks (Rosenzweig and Stark 1989).

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) in its series ESSP working papers with number 18.

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Date of creation: 2011
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Handle: RePEc:fpr:esspwp:18

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Related research

Keywords: Agriculture; Land rights; Migration;

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References

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  1. Tomoko Harigaya & Alan de Brauw, 2004. "Seasonal Migration and Improving Living Standards in Vietnam," Department of Economics Working Papers 2004-10, Department of Economics, Williams College.
  2. Marcelo J. Moreira, 2003. "A Conditional Likelihood Ratio Test for Structural Models," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 71(4), pages 1027-1048, 07.
  3. Carrington, William J & Detragiache, Enrica & Vishwanath, Tara, 1996. "Migration with Endogenous Moving Costs," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 86(4), pages 909-30, September.
  4. Deininger, Klaus & Ali, Daniel Ayalew & Holden, Stein & Zevenbergen, Jaap, 2008. "Rural Land Certification in Ethiopia: Process, Initial Impact, and Implications for Other African Countries," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 36(10), pages 1786-1812, October.
  5. Tao Yang, Dennis, 1997. "China's land arrangements and rural labor mobility," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 8(2), pages 101-115.
  6. Deininger, Klaus & Jin, Songqing, 2006. "Tenure security and land-related investment: Evidence from Ethiopia," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 50(5), pages 1245-1277, July.
  7. Dercon, Stefan, 2004. "Growth and shocks: evidence from rural Ethiopia," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 74(2), pages 309-329, August.
  8. Joseph G. Altonji & Todd E. Elder & Christopher R. Taber, 2005. "Selection on Observed and Unobserved Variables: Assessing the Effectiveness of Catholic Schools," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 113(1), pages 151-184, February.
  9. Lohmar, Bryan, 1999. "Land Tenure Insecurity And Labor Allocation In Rural China," 1999 Annual meeting, August 8-11, Nashville, TN 21495, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
  10. Rosenzweig, Mark R & Stark, Oded, 1989. "Consumption Smoothing, Migration, and Marriage: Evidence from Rural India," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 97(4), pages 905-26, August.
  11. Brandt, Loren & Rozelle, Scott & Turner, Matthew A., 2002. "Local Government Behavior And Property Rights Formation In Rural China," Working Papers 11988, University of California, Davis, Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics.
  12. Stefan Dercon & Daniel Ayalew, 2007. "Land Rights, Power and Trees in Rural Ethiopia," Economics Series Working Papers WPS/2007-07, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
  13. Hanan G. Jacoby & Guo Li & Scott Rozelle, 2002. "Hazards of Expropriation: Tenure Insecurity and Investment in Rural China," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 92(5), pages 1420-1447, December.
  14. Stefan Dercon & Pramila Krishnan, 2000. "In Sickness and in Health: Risk Sharing within Households in Rural Ethiopia," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 108(4), pages 688-727, August.
  15. Besley, Timothy, 1995. "Property Rights and Investment Incentives: Theory and Evidence from Ghana," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 103(5), pages 903-37, October.
  16. World Bank, 2008. "World Development Indicators 2008," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 11855, October.
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Cited by:
  1. Headey, Derek & Taffesse, Alemayehu Seyoum & You, Liangzhi, 2014. "Diversification and Development in Pastoralist Ethiopia," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 56(C), pages 200-213.
  2. Headey, Derek D. & Dereje, Mekdim & Ricker-Gilbert, Jacob & Josephson, Anna & Taffesse, Alemayehu Seyoum, 2013. "Land constraints and agricultural intensification in Ethiopia: A village-level analysis of high-potential areas:," ESSP working papers 58, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).

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