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The structural changes of the food industry in the European Union

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  • Luljeta Hajderllari

    ()
    (Institute of Food and Resource Economics, University of Copenhagen)

  • Kostas Karantininis

    ()
    (Institute of Food and Resource Economics, University of Copenhagen)

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    Abstract

    This paper studies the structural changes of food industry in the EU-27. We first provide a detailed description of the relative importance of the various sectors in the food industry. The structure is studied by calculating Gini coefficients for the EU members with regard to food industry. We find that the food industry is one of the most important components of the manufacturing sectors in terms of turnover and employment. Enterprises in the EU are relatively large in terms of turnover but small in the number of enterprises with the dairy and meat sectors being the most important branches of the food industry regarding the share of turnover, employment and enterprises. During the eight years 2000-2007, the Gini coefficient of the food industry in the EU is very close to 1, indicating a high degree of concentration.

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    File URL: http://okonomi.foi.dk/workingpapers/WPpdf/WP2012/WP_2012_8_food_industry.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by University of Copenhagen, Department of Food and Resource Economics in its series IFRO Working Paper with number 2012/8.

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    Length: 17 pages
    Date of creation: Jun 2012
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:foi:wpaper:2012_8

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    Web page: http://www.ifro.ku.dk/english/
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    Keywords: Food industry; meat; dairy; concentration; EU-25;

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    1. S. McCorriston & C. W. Morgan & A. J. Rayner, 1998. "Processing Technology, Market Power and Price Transmission," Journal of Agricultural Economics, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 49(2), pages 185-201.
    2. Viaene, Jacques & Gellynck, Xavier, 1995. "Structure, Conduct and Performance of the European Food Sector," European Review of Agricultural Economics, Foundation for the European Review of Agricultural Economics, Foundation for the European Review of Agricultural Economics, vol. 22(3), pages 282-95.
    3. Atkinson, Anthony B., 1970. "On the measurement of inequality," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 2(3), pages 244-263, September.
    4. Kakwani, Nanak C & Podder, N, 1976. "Efficient Estimation of the Lorenz Curve and Associated Inequality Measures from Grouped Observations," Econometrica, Econometric Society, Econometric Society, vol. 44(1), pages 137-48, January.
    5. Kakwani, Nanak C, 1977. "Applications of Lorenz Curves in Economic Analysis," Econometrica, Econometric Society, Econometric Society, vol. 45(3), pages 719-27, April.
    6. Steve McCorriston, 2002. "Why should imperfect competition matter to agricultural economists?," European Review of Agricultural Economics, Foundation for the European Review of Agricultural Economics, Foundation for the European Review of Agricultural Economics, vol. 29(3), pages 349-371, July.
    7. Ian Sheldon & Richard Sperling, 2003. "Estimating the Extent of Imperfect Competition in the Food Industry: What Have We Learned?," Journal of Agricultural Economics, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 54(1), pages 89-109.
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