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Intellectual Property Rights and South-North Formation of Global Innovation Networks

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Author Info

  • Maria Comune

    (University of Siena and Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei)

  • Alireza Naghavi

    (University of Bologna and Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei)

  • Giovanni Prarolo

    (University of Bologna and Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei)

Abstract

With the rise of the knowledge economy, delivering sound innovation policies requires a thorough understanding of how knowledge is produced and diffused. This paper takes a step to analyze a new form of globalization, the so-called system of Global Innovation Networks (GINs), to shed light on how the protection of intellectual property rights (IPRs) influences their creation and development. We focus on the role of IPR protection in fostering international innovative activities in emerging economies (South), such as China and India, and more generally, how IPRs affect the development of GINs between newly industrialized countries and OECD countries. Using both survey-based firm-level and country-level global data, we find IPRs to be an important determinant of participation in GINS from a Southern perspective. We find IPR protection at home and its harmonization across county pairs foster South-North formation of GINs. We also find that a stringent regime in the destination country discourages foreign international innovative activities that originate in NICs. Both levels of our analysis confirm the ICT industry, particularly the hardware segment, to rely on IPRs when engaging in the international outsourcing and offshoring of innovation or in patenting activities abroad.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei in its series Working Papers with number 2011.59.

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Date of creation: Jul 2011
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Handle: RePEc:fem:femwpa:2011.59

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Keywords: Gravity Model; Information Communication Technology; Innovation; Intellectual Property Rights; International collaborations; Networks;

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