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Health, disability and pathways into retirement in Spain

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  • Pilar García Gómez
  • Sergi Jiménez Martín
  • Judit Vall Castello

Abstract

In this paper we analyze the trends in labor force participation and transitions to benefit programs of older workers in relation to health trends as well as recent Social Security reforms. Our preliminary conclusions are pessimistic regarding the effect of health improvements on the labor market attachment of older workers since we show that despite the large improvements in the mortality rates among older individuals in Spain, the employment rates of individuals older than fifty-five remain lower than the ones observed in the late 1970s. Some caution should remain in our conclusions as the evidence on health trends is inconclusive. Regarding the effect of Social Security reforms, we find that both the 1997 and the 2002 reform decreased the stock into old-age benefits at the cost of an increased share of the participation into disability. Finally, we find that there was a significant increase in the outflow from employment into disability after the 2002 reform.

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Paper provided by FEDEA in its series Working Papers with number 2010-24.

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Date of creation: Sep 2010
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Handle: RePEc:fda:fdaddt:2010-24

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  1. Sergi Jimenez-Martin & Jose M. Labeaga & Cristina Vilaplana Prieto, 2007. "Award errors and permanent disability benefits in Spain," Health, Econometrics and Data Group (HEDG) Working Papers 07/04, HEDG, c/o Department of Economics, University of York.
  2. David H. Autor & Mark G. Duggan, 2003. "The Rise In The Disability Rolls And The Decline In Unemployment," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 118(1), pages 157-205, February.
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Cited by:
  1. Guillem L�pez-Casasnovas & Catia Nicodemo, 2012. "Transition Probabilities and Duration Analysis among Disability States: Some Evidence from Spanish Data," Working Papers 643, Barcelona Graduate School of Economics.

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