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Why do disability benefit rolls vary between regions? A review of the evidence from the USA and the UK

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  • Duncan McVicar

Abstract

McVicar D. (2006) Why do disability benefit rolls vary between regions? A review of the evidence from the USA and the UK, Regional Studies 40, 519-533. Over the last 30 years, many Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries have seen a dramatic rise in the share of the working-age population receiving earnings replacement sickness and disability benefits. The reasons behind this growth - particularly for the USA, but also to a lesser extent elsewhere - have been extensively researched in the economics literature. What have been less well researched are the large spatial differences in the size of disability benefit rolls that have emerged in some countries over this period. The UK displays a distinct regional pattern where working-age men and women in the 'North' are considerably more likely to be claiming disability benefits than those in the 'South'. The USA has its own version of the north/south divide, with many southern states displaying disproportionately large disability benefit rolls. The paper describes these regional patterns and explores the existing economics literature on disability benefits in search of potential explanations for them. McVicar D. (2006) Pourquoi les listes des demandeurs de prestations d'invalidite varient suivant la region?: une critique des preuves provenant des E-U et du R-U, Regional Studies 40, 519-533. Sur les 30 dernieres annees, beaucoup des pays-membres de l'OCDE ont temoigne d'une montee vertigineuse de la part de la population active qui font une demande de prestations de l'assurance maladie et d'invalidite invalidite. La documentation economique a approfondi les raisons qui expliquent cette montee - notamment pour les E-U mais aussi dans une moindre mesure ailleurs. Ce qui a ete moins bien recherche c'est la variation geographique importante des listes des demandeurs de prestations d'invalidite qui se font le jour dans certains pays sur cette periode. Le R-U montre une distribution regionale nette a partir de laquelle il est plus probable que les populations masculine et feminine en age de travailler du 'nord' font une demande des prestations invalidite que ne le font celles du 'sud'. Les E-U ont leur propre version du clivage nord-sud; a savoir beaucoup des etats du sud ont des listes des demandeurs de prestations d'invalidite disproportionnees. Cet article cherche a presenter ces distributions regionales et a examiner la documentation economique existante sur prestations d'invalidite afin de rechercher des explications eventuelles. Sante, Invalidite, Prestations d'invalidite, Prestations d'incapacite, Marches du travail McVicar D. (2006) Warum sind Invalidenrenten von Region zu Region verschieden? Eine Besprechung von Beweisen aus den USA und dem UK, Regional Studies 40, 519-533. Im Laufe der letzten 30 Jahre haben viele OECD Lander einen dramatischen Anstieg des Anteils der Bevolkerung im erwerbsfahigen Alter gesehen, die statt Verdienst Krankengeld und Invalidenrenten empfangen.Die Grunde fur diesen Anstieg - besonders in den USA, aber auch, obschon in geringerem Masse, andernorts - sind in der Wirtschaftsliteratur ausgiebig untersucht worden. Was jedoch weniger grundlich untersucht wurde, sind die betrachtlichen raumlichen Unterschiede im Umfang der Invalidenrentenlisten, die sich in manchen Landern in diesem Zeitraum ergeben haben. Das UK weist ein ausgesprochen regionales Muster auf, in dem die Namen sowohl von Mannern wie von Frauen im erwerbsfahigen Alter im 'Norden'weitaus ofter auf der Liste der Invalidenrente in Anspruch Nehmenden erscheinen als im Suden. Die USA haben ihre eigene Version der Nord-Sud 'Wasserscheide', in der viele Sudstaaten unverhaltnismassig lange Invalidenrentnerlisten aufweisen. Dieser Aufsatz beschreibt diese Regionalmuster, und untersucht die bereits vorliegende Wirtschaftsliteratur zur Invalidenrentnerfrage auf der Suche nach einer moglichen Erklarung dafur. Gesundheit, Invalidenrenten, Behindertenrenten, Arbeitswelt McVicar D. (2006) �Por que las listas de prestaciones por discapacidad varian segun las regiones? Una revision de ejemplos de Estados Unidos y el Reino Unido, Regional Studies 40, 519-533. En los ultimos 30 anos muchos paises de la OCDE han notado un espectacular aumento de la poblacion en edad de trabajar que recibe prestaciones por enfermedad o discapacidad. El motivo de este crecimiento, especialmente en los EE. UU. pero tambien en menor medida en otros paises, se ha estudiado exhaustivamente en la literatura sobre economia. No obstante, se han investigado poco las grandes diferencias espaciales en cuanto al numero de personas que reciben prestaciones por discapacidad que han surgido en algunos paises durante este periodo. En el Reino Unido se observa un modelo regional caracteristico en las regiones del norte donde mujeres y hombres en edad de trabajar presentan una mayor tendencia a solicitar prestaciones que los del sur. En Estados Unidos hay una version propia de la division norte-sur porque en el sur hay desproporcionadamente mas personas que reciben prestaciones por discapacidad. Aqui describimos estos modelos regionales y analizamos la literatura actual sobre economia con referencia a las prestaciones por discapacidad para hallar posibles explicaciones a este fenomeno. Salud, Discapacidad, Prestaciones por discapacidad, Prestacion por incapacidad, Mercados de trabajo

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

Volume (Year): 40 (2006)
Issue (Month): 5 ()
Pages: 519-533

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Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:40:y:2006:i:5:p:519-533

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Related research

Keywords: Health; Disability; Disability benefits; Incapacity Benefit; Labour markets;

References

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  1. Sveinbjörn Blöndal & Stefano Scarpetta, 1999. "The Retirement Decision in OECD Countries," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 202, OECD Publishing.
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  13. Bound, John & Burkhauser, Richard V., 1999. "Economic analysis of transfer programs targeted on people with disabilities," Handbook of Labor Economics, in: O. Ashenfelter & D. Card (ed.), Handbook of Labor Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 51, pages 3417-3528 Elsevier.
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Cited by:
  1. Davide Furceri & Aleksandra Zdzienicka, 2012. "The Effects of Social Spending on Economic Activity: Empirical Evidence from a Panel of OECD Countries," Fiscal Studies, Institute for Fiscal Studies, vol. 33(1), pages 129-152, 03.
  2. Hugo Benítez Silva & Richard Disney & Sergi Jiménez-Martín, 2009. "Disability, capacity for work and the business cycle: An international perspective," Economics Working Papers 1171, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra.
  3. Darby, Julia & Mélitz, Jacques, 2007. "Labour Market Adjustment, Social Spending and the Automatic Stabilizers in the OECD," CEPR Discussion Papers 6230, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  4. Whittaker, W; & Sutton, M;, 2010. "Mental health, work incapacity and State transfers: an analysis of the British Household Panel Survey," Health, Econometrics and Data Group (HEDG) Working Papers 10/21, HEDG, c/o Department of Economics, University of York.
  5. repec:ese:iserwp:2009-31 is not listed on IDEAS

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