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Looking for a middle class bias: salary and co-operation in social surveys

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  • Toomse, Mari
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    Abstract

    The aim of this paper is to test the existence of middle class bias in survey cooperation. We do this by carrying out a record check study. Our analysis uncovers no evidence of middle class bias. Instead we find a negative gross bias in estimates of the proportion of persons with highest salaries. We also find that high salary earners are more likely to be hard refusers. We argue that this elite resistance is due to specific attitudes rather than more transient features of an interaction. We suggest that these attitudes could be overcome by tailoring of advance communication.

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    File URL: https://www.iser.essex.ac.uk/publications/working-papers/iser/2010-03.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Institute for Social and Economic Research in its series ISER Working Paper Series with number 2010-03.

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    Date of creation: 17 Feb 2010
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    Publication status: published
    Handle: RePEc:ese:iserwp:2010-03

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    Postal: Publications Office, Institute for Social and Economic Research, University of Essex, Wivenhoe Park, Colchester, Essex CO4 3SQ UK
    Phone: 44-1206-872957
    Fax: 44-1206-873151
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    Web page: https://www.iser.essex.ac.uk/
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    Postal: Publications Office, Institute for Social and Economic Research, University of Essex, Wivenhoe Park, Colchester, Essex CO4 3SQ UK
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    Web: https://www.iser.essex.ac.uk/publications/

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    1. John Fitzgerald & Peter Gottschalk & Robert Moffitt, 1998. "An Analysis of Sample Attrition in Panel Data: The Michigan Panel Study of income Dynamics," Economics Working Paper Archive 379, The Johns Hopkins University,Department of Economics.
    2. John Goyder & Jean Lock & Trish McNair, 1992. "Urbanization effects on survey nonresponse: a test within and across cities," Quality & Quantity: International Journal of Methodology, Springer, vol. 26(1), pages 39-48, February.
    3. Sean Becketti & William Gould & Lee Lillard & Finis Welch, 1985. "The Panel Study of Income Dynamics After Fourteen Years: An Evaluation," UCLA Economics Working Papers 361, UCLA Department of Economics.
    4. Pedersen, Peder J., 2002. "Non-Response Bias – A Study Using Matched Survey-Register Labour Market Data," CLS Working Papers 02-2, University of Aarhus, Aarhus School of Business, Centre for Labour Market and Social Research.
    5. Marjo Pyy-Martikainen & Ulrich Rendtel, 2008. "Assessing the impact of initial nonresponse and attrition in the analysis of unemployment duration with panel surveys," AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis, Springer, vol. 92(3), pages 297-318, August.
    6. Daniel H. Hill & Robert J. Willis, 2001. "Reducing Panel Attrition: A Search for Effective Policy Instruments," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 36(3), pages 416-438.
    7. Will, Jeffry A. & McGrath, John H., 1995. "Crime, neighborhood perceptions, and the underclass: The relationship between fear of crime and class position," Journal of Criminal Justice, Elsevier, vol. 23(2), pages 163-176.
    8. Delhey, Jan & Newton, Kenneth, 2004. "Social trust: global pattern or nordic exceptionalism?," Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Inequality and Social Integration SP I 2004-202, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB).
    9. repec:ese:iserwp:2010-04 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Laura Fumagalli & Heather Laurie & Peter Lynn, 2013. "Experiments with methods to reduce attrition in longitudinal surveys," Journal of the Royal Statistical Society Series A, Royal Statistical Society, vol. 176(2), pages 499-519, 02.
    11. Alesina, Alberto & La Ferrara, Eliana, 2002. "Who trusts others?," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 85(2), pages 207-234, August.
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