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A theory of countercyclical government multiplier

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  • Pascal Michaillat

Abstract

I develop a New Keynesian model in which a type of government multiplier doubles when unemployment rises from 5 percent to 8 percent. This multiplier indicates the additional number of workers employed when one worker is hired in the public sector. Graphically, in equilibrium, an upward-sloping quasi-labor supply intersects a downward-sloping labor demand in a (employment, labor market tightness) plane. Increasing public employment stimulates labor demand, which increases tightness and therefore crowds out private employment. Critically, the quasi-labor supply is convex. Hence, when labor demand is depressed and unemployment is high, the increase in tightness and resulting crowding-out are small.

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File URL: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/54277/
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library in its series LSE Research Online Documents on Economics with number 54277.

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Length: 30 pages
Date of creation: 20 Jun 2012
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ehl:lserod:54277

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Keywords: multiplier; unemployment; business cycle; job rationing; matching frictions;

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