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Welfare in models of trade with heterogeneous firms

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  • Alexandre Janiak

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Abstract

I illustrate that the welfare improvement property of the Melitz model is due to the shape of the aggregate labor demand curve, which slopes upwards. By slightly changing some assumptions in the model, this curve may have a negative slope. In this case, increases in aggregate productivity result in a reduction in welfare. For example, this may occur when fixed costs are measured in units of aggregate output instead of labor.JEL codes: F12, F16, J23.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Centro de Economía Aplicada, Universidad de Chile in its series Documentos de Trabajo with number 253.

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Date of creation: 2008
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Handle: RePEc:edj:ceauch:253

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  1. Marc J. Melitz & Gianmarco I.P. Ottaviano, 2005. "Market Size, Trade, and Productivity," NBER Working Papers 11393, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Vasiliki Skreta & Nicolas Figueroa, 2007. "What to Put on the Table," Levine's Bibliography 843644000000000374, UCLA Department of Economics.
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  4. Eduardo Engel & Ronald Fischer, 2008. "Optimal resource extraction contracts under threat of expropriation," Documentos de Trabajo 244, Centro de Economía Aplicada, Universidad de Chile.
  5. Felipe Balmaceda & Ronald Fischer, 2010. "Economic performance, creditor protection, and labour inflexibility," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 62(3), pages 553-577, July.
  6. M. Soledad Arellano & Pablo Serra, 2007. "Marginal Cost Pricing in Hydro-Thermal Power Industries: Is a Capacity Charge Always Needed?," Documentos de Trabajo 238, Centro de Economía Aplicada, Universidad de Chile.
  7. Hartmut Egger & Udo Kreickemeier, 2007. "Firm Heterogeneity and the Labour Market Effects of Trade Liberalisation," CESifo Working Paper Series 2000, CESifo Group Munich.
  8. Eduardo Engel & Ronald Fischer & Alexander Galetovic, 2007. "The Basic Public Finance of Public-Private Partnerships," Documentos de Trabajo 234, Centro de Economía Aplicada, Universidad de Chile.
  9. Blanchard, Olivier J & Giavazzi, Francesco, 2001. "Macroeconomic Effects of Regulation and Deregulation in Goods and Labour Markets," CEPR Discussion Papers 2713, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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  13. Richard Rogerson & Diego Restuccia, 2004. "Policy Distortions and Aggregate Productivity with Heterogeneous Plants," 2004 Meeting Papers 69, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  14. Felbermayr, Gabriel & Prat, Julien, 2011. "Product market regulation, Firm Selection, and Unemployment," Munich Reprints in Economics 20593, University of Munich, Department of Economics.
  15. Benhabib, J. & Farmer, R.E.A, 1991. "Indeterminacy and Increasing Returns," Papers 165, Cambridge - Risk, Information & Quantity Signals.
  16. Morrison, Catherine J, 1986. "Structural Models of Dynamic Factor Demands with Nonstatic Expectations: An Empirical Assessment of Alternative Expectations Specifications," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 27(2), pages 365-86, June.
  17. Sebátian Infante & Nicolás Figueroa & Ronald Fischer, 2007. "Competition with asymmetric switching costs," Documentos de Trabajo 241, Centro de Economía Aplicada, Universidad de Chile.
  18. Ronald Fischer, 2008. "Política comercial estratégica en el mercado aéreo chileno," Documentos de Trabajo 246, Centro de Economía Aplicada, Universidad de Chile.
  19. M. Soledad Arellano & José Miguel Benavente, 2007. "Sustitución entre Telefonía Fija y Móvil en Chile," Documentos de Trabajo 233, Centro de Economía Aplicada, Universidad de Chile.
  20. Viviana Fernández & Brian M. Lucey, 2008. "Emerging Markets Variance Shocks: Local or International in Origin?," Documentos de Trabajo 251, Centro de Economía Aplicada, Universidad de Chile.
  21. Nicolás Figueroa & Ronald Fischer & Sebastian Infante, 2008. "Loyalty inducing programs and competition with homogeneous goods," Documentos de Trabajo 249, Centro de Economía Aplicada, Universidad de Chile.
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Cited by:
  1. Braun, Sebastian, 2011. "Unionisation structures, productivity and firm performance: New insights from a heterogeneous firm model," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 18(1), pages 120-129, January.

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