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Política comercial estratégica en el mercado aéreo chileno

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  • Ronald Fischer

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Abstract

Se estudia la política comercial desde un punto de vista estratégico. En particular interesa examinar las condiciones bajo las cuales es apropiada una política de reciprocidad (a diferencia de una apertura unilateral). La política de reciprocidad se basa en la idea que el país con el que se negocia un acuerdo estará más dispuesto a ofrecer abrir su mercado aerocomercial si obtiene algo a cambio. En este trabajo se demuestra que la política de reciprocidad es preferible a la apertura unilateral si se cumplen ciertas condiciones de mercado: existencia de alternativas para los vuelos entre los puntos, la existencia de varias firmas compitiendo intensamente, y si el costo de esperar una resolución positiva es bajo. En el caso de países con los que no hay acuerdos de cielos abiertos se estima en forma aproximada el aumento en el bienestar social proveniente de una frecuencia adicional. Se obtiene un valor de varios millones de dólares, de los cuales un 30-40% corresponde a mayores utilidades para la firma doméstica. JEL: L93, F12.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Centro de Economía Aplicada, Universidad de Chile in its series Documentos de Trabajo with number 246.

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Date of creation: 2008
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Handle: RePEc:edj:ceauch:246

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  1. James A. Brander, 1995. "Strategic Trade Policy," NBER Working Papers 5020, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. James Brander & Paul Krugman, 1980. "A "Reciprocal Dumping" Model of International Trade," Working Papers 405, Queen's University, Department of Economics.
  3. Dixit, Avinash, 1987. "Trade and insurance with moral hazard," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 23(3-4), pages 201-220, November.
  4. Richard Harris, 1984. "Why Voluntary Export Restraints are 'Voluntary'," Working Papers 559, Queen's University, Department of Economics.
  5. S. Baranzoni & P. Bianchi & L. Lambertini, 2000. "Market Structure," Working Papers 368, Dipartimento Scienze Economiche, Universita' di Bologna.
  6. Morrison, Steven A & Winston, Clifford, 1987. "Empirical Implications and Tests of the Contestability Hypothesis," Journal of Law and Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 30(1), pages 53-66, April.
  7. Dixit, Avinash K, 1986. "Comparative Statics for Oligopoly," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 27(1), pages 107-22, February.
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Cited by:
  1. Alexandre Janiak, 2008. "Welfare in models of trade with heterogeneous firms," Documentos de Trabajo 253, Centro de Economía Aplicada, Universidad de Chile.
  2. Viviana Fernández & Brian M. Lucey, 2008. "Emerging Markets Variance Shocks: Local or International in Origin?," Documentos de Trabajo 251, Centro de Economía Aplicada, Universidad de Chile.

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