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Public Provision of Education and Government Spending in Pakistan

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  • Muhammad Akram

    (PIDE)

  • Faheem Jehangir Khan

Abstract

The study has been carried out to measure the incidence of government spending on education in Pakistan at the provincial (both rural and urban) level, using the primary data of the Pakistan Social Standard Living Measures Survey (PSLM), 2004-2005, and by employing the three-step Benefit Incidence Approach methodology. The paper reviews the national policies emphasising provision of education in Pakistan, as well as the trend in coverage and public sector spending on education facilities in Pakistan. The study examines the inequalities in resource distribution and service provision in relation to the government education expenditure. The rural areas of Pakistan are the more disadvantaged in the provision of the education facilities. Overall, the expenditure on the education sector is progressive, both at the regional and the provincial levels. However, variation exists in the shares of different income groups benefit from the provision of educational facilities created by public expenditure.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by East Asian Bureau of Economic Research in its series Governance Working Papers with number 22183.

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Date of creation: Jan 2007
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Handle: RePEc:eab:govern:22183

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Keywords: education; public expenditure; Public Policy; Gini Coefficient; Concentration Coefficient; Benefit Incidence Approach;

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  1. Erwin Tiongson & Hamid Reza Davoodi & Sawitree S. Asawanuchit, 2003. "How Useful Are Benefit Incidence Analyses of Public Education and Health Spending," IMF Working Papers, International Monetary Fund 03/227, International Monetary Fund.
  2. Sakellariou, Chris & Patrinos, Harry Anthony, 2004. "Incidence analysis of public support to the private education sector in Cote d'Ivoire," Policy Research Working Paper Series, The World Bank 3231, The World Bank.
  3. David E. Sahn & Stephen D. Younger, 2000. "Expenditure incidence in Africa: microeconomic evidence," Fiscal Studies, Institute for Fiscal Studies, Institute for Fiscal Studies, vol. 21(3), pages 329-347, September.
  4. Gustafsson, Bjorn & Li, Shi, 2004. "Expenditures on education and health care and poverty in rural China," China Economic Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 15(3), pages 292-301.
  5. Gupta, Sanjeev & Verhoeven, Marijn & Tiongson, Erwin R., 2002. "The effectiveness of government spending on education and health care in developing and transition economies," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 18(4), pages 717-737, November.
  6. Stephen D. Younger, 1999. "The Relative Progressivity of Social Services in Ecuador," Public Finance Review, , , vol. 27(3), pages 310-352, May.
  7. Psacharopoulos, George, 1993. "Returns to investment in education : a global update," Policy Research Working Paper Series, The World Bank 1067, The World Bank.
  8. Gemmell, Norman, 1985. "The Incidence of Government Expenditure and Redistribution in the United Kingdom," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 52(27), pages 335-44, August.
  9. Husain, Fazal & Qasim, Muhammad Ali & Sheikh, Khalid Hameed, 2003. "Analysis of Public Expenditure on Education in Pakistan," MPRA Paper, University Library of Munich, Germany 2722, University Library of Munich, Germany.
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