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Bénéfices acquis et ciblage des pauvres dans les dépenses publiques de santé et d'éducation au Cameroun

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  • Bernadette Kamgnia Dia
  • Simon Leunkeu Wangun
  • Christophe Tatsinkou
  • Josephine Afor
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    Abstract

    La présente étude se propose d'analyser les bénéfices acquis à l'usage des services publics dans les secteurs de la santé et de l'éducation au Cameroun. Plus spécifiquement il s'agit: (i) d'évaluer la part du budget réellement acquis; (ii) de déterminer le contenu équité du bénéfice acquis; (iii) de quantifier la satisfaction à l'usage des services publics; et (iv) d'établir la corrélation entre satisfaction et bien-être des ménages. L'analyse est basée essentiellement sur l'évaluation des incidences moyenne et marginale, de même que sur l'étude de la progressivité des bénéfices. Les résultats indiquent que les dépenses publiques de fonctionnement des centres de santé intégré (CSI sont pro-pauvres et celles des hôpitaux de référence (hôpitaux centraux et hôpitaux généraux) régressives. Pourtant, un accroissement des dépenses dans les CSI les rendrait plus attrayants. Les dépenses pour l'enseignement primaire sont pro-pauvres et celles relatives au supérieur pro-riches. Tout accroissement des dépenses au primaire n'est capté que marginalement par les individus à revenu intermédiaire; l'accroissement des dépenses publiques d'éducation secondaire contribue significativement aux parts de bénéfices réels des différentes couches, notamment ceux à revenu intermédiaire supérieur.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by PEP-PMMA in its series Working Papers PMMA with number 2008-08.

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    Date of creation: 2008
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    Handle: RePEc:lvl:pmmacr:2008-08

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    Keywords: Dépenses publiques; bénéfice acquis; incidence moyenne; incidence marginale; progressivité; indice de satisfaction; dominance;

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    References

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    1. Lanjouw, Peter & Ravallion, Martin, 1998. "Benefit incidence and the timing of program capture," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1956, The World Bank.
    2. Lanjouw, Peter & Ravallion, Martin, 1999. "Benefit Incidence, Public Spending Reforms, and the Timing of Program Capture," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 13(2), pages 257-73, May.
    3. David E. Sahn & David Stifel, 2003. "Exploring Alternative Measures of Welfare in the Absence of Expenditure Data," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 49(4), pages 463-489, December.
    4. Selden, Thomas M. & Wasylenko, Michael J., 1992. "Benefit incidence analysis in developing countries," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1015, The World Bank.
    5. Erwin Tiongson & Hamid Reza Davoodi & Sawitree S. Asawanuchit, 2003. "How Useful Are Benefit Incidence Analyses of Public Education and Health Spending," IMF Working Papers 03/227, International Monetary Fund.
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