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Market Access Limitations of the Philippines in the EU Market

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  • Gloria O. Pasadilla

    (PIDS)

Abstract

Non-tariff measures are everywhere vilified for preventing exports, especially of agriculture, from developing countries. Philippine exporters seem to be taking things in stride, however. The paper estimates the cost of certification regularly borne by a typical Philippine food exporter to be less than three percent of sales, a relatively inconsequential ratio. However, increased cost from NTMs can adversely affect the small-scale companies that lack resources to adapt their production processes to foreign standards. The paper also traces the Philippine export products affected by non-tariff measures imposed by the European Union. In all, NTMs of the EU affect a total of US$34 million of Philippine agriculture and fish exports to these markets, representing almost seven percent of agriculture exports to the twenty-five countries.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by East Asian Bureau of Economic Research in its series Development Economics Working Papers with number 22679.

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Date of creation: Jan 2007
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Handle: RePEc:eab:develo:22679

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Keywords: nontariff measures; Market Access; Philippine agricultural exports; European Union; sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) measures;

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References

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  1. Hiau LooiKee & Alessandro Nicita & Marcelo Olarreaga, 2009. "Estimating Trade Restrictiveness Indices," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, Royal Economic Society, vol. 119(534), pages 172-199, 01.
  2. Maskus, Keith E. & Wilson, John S. & Tsunehiro Otsuki, 2000. "Quantifying the impact of technical barriers to trade : a framework for analysis," Policy Research Working Paper Series, The World Bank 2512, The World Bank.
  3. Andriamananjara, Soamiely & Ferrantino, Michael J. & Tsigas, Marinos E., 2003. "Alternative Approaches in Estimating the Economic Effects of Non-Tariff Measures: Results from Newly Quantified Measures," Working Papers, United States International Trade Commission, Office of Economics 15872, United States International Trade Commission, Office of Economics.
  4. Gloria O. Pasadilla, 2006. "Preferential Trading Agreements and Agricultural Liberalization in East and Southeast Asia," Development Economics Working Papers, East Asian Bureau of Economic Research 22678, East Asian Bureau of Economic Research.
  5. Otsuki, Tsunehiro & Wilson, John S. & Sewadeh, Mirvat, 2001. "A race to the top? A case study of food safety standards and African exports," Policy Research Working Paper Series, The World Bank 2563, The World Bank.
  6. Alan V. Deardorff & Robert M. Stern, 1997. "Measurement of Non-Tariff Barriers," OECD Economics Department Working Papers, OECD Publishing 179, OECD Publishing.
  7. Michael Ferrantino, 2006. "Quantifying the Trade and Economic Effects of Non-Tariff Measures," OECD Trade Policy Papers, OECD Publishing 28, OECD Publishing.
  8. Dean Judith M & Signoret José E & Feinberg Robert M. & Ludema Rodney D. & Ferrantino Michael J, 2009. "Estimating the Price Effects of Non-Tariff Barriers," The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy, De Gruyter, De Gruyter, vol. 9(1), pages 1-41, March.
  9. Dean, Judith M. & Feinberg, Robert & Ferrantino, Michael J. & Ludema, Rodney, 2003. "Estimating the Tariff-Equivalent of NTMs," Working Papers, United States International Trade Commission, Office of Economics 15858, United States International Trade Commission, Office of Economics.
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Cited by:
  1. Israel, Danilo C., 2014. "The Potential Impacts of a Free Trade Agreement with the European Union on the Philippine Fisheries Sector," Discussion Papers, Philippine Institute for Development Studies DP 2014-03, Philippine Institute for Development Studies.
  2. Tiongco, Marites M. & Francisco, Kris A., 2011. "Philippines: Food Security versus Agricultural Exports?," Discussion Papers, Philippine Institute for Development Studies DP 2011-35, Philippine Institute for Development Studies.

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