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Child Poverty Dynamics in Seven Nations

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  • Bruce Bradbury
  • Stephen P. Jenkins
  • John Micklewright

Abstract

Der vorliegende Beitrag vergleicht die Armutsdynamik bei Kindern mithilfe von Paneldaten aus sieben Ländern: USA, Großbritannien, Deutschland, Irland, Spanien, Ungarn und Russland. Neben der Verwendung von Standard- Definitionen zur Erfassung relativer Armut, werden die Übergänge in und aus dem untersten Einkommensquintil bei Kindern untersucht. In den sieben untersuchten Ländern zeigt sich eine signifikante (aber keine völlige) Übereinstimmung in den Mustern von Einkommensmobilität und Armutsdynamik. Die Ausnahme ist Russland, wo der ökonomische Wandel zu einem wesentlich höheren Mobilitätsgrad geführt hat. Interessanterweise weisen die USA - das Land mit dem höchsten Anteil relativer Armut unter den reichen Ländern - eine Mobilitätsrate auf, die unter der der anderen Nationen liegt. This paper compares child poverty dynamics cross-nationally using panel data from seven nations: the USA, Britain, Germany, Ireland, Spain, Hungary and Russia. As well as using standard relative poverty definitions the paper examines flows into and out of the poorest fifth of the children's income distribution. We find significant (but not total) uniformity in patterns of income mobility and poverty dynamics across the seven countries. The key exception is Russia, where the economic transition has led to a much higher degree of mobility. Interestingly, the USA, which has the highest level of relative poverty among the rich nations, has a mobility rate which, if anything, is less than that of the other nations.

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File URL: http://www.diw.de/documents/publikationen/73/diw_01.c.38640.de/dp235.pdf
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Paper provided by DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research in its series Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin with number 235.

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Length: 40 p.
Date of creation: 2001
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:diw:diwwpp:dp235

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  1. Bradbury,Bruce & Jenkins,Stephen P. & Micklewright,John (ed.), 2001. "The Dynamics of Child Poverty in Industrialised Countries," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521004923, April.
  2. Bradbury,Bruce & Jenkins,Stephen P. & Micklewright,John (ed.), 2001. "The Dynamics of Child Poverty in Industrialised Countries," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521803106, April.
  3. Duncan, Greg J, et al, 1993. "Poverty Dynamics in Eight Countries," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, vol. 6(3), pages 215-34.
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Cited by:
  1. Alessandro Conticini, 2006. "Escaping Violence, Seeking Freedom: Why Children In Bangladesh Migrate To The Street," Economics Series Working Papers GPRG-WPS-047, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
  2. John Micklewright, 2002. "Social Exclusion and Children: A European view for a US debate," CASE Papers case51, Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion, LSE.

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