How Effective is the British Governments Attempt to Reduce Child Poverty?
AbstractThe new Labour Government in Britain has made the reduction of child poverty one of its central objectives. This paper describes the specific initiatives involved in Labour's approach and weighs them up in terms of their potential impact. After setting out the extent of the problem of child poverty, the causes are discussed and Britain's problem is set in international perspective. The impact on child poverty of policies designed to raise incomes directly is analysed using micro-simulation modelling. A major emphasis of current policy is on the promotion of paid work, and we explore the potential for poverty reduction of increasing the employment of parents. We find that at its maximum, increasing paid work could roughly double the reduction in child poverty achieved by tax and benefit policies alone - a combined decrease of 1.85 million children in poverty. However, a more realistic forecast of increases in parental employment suggests that the number of children in poverty may be reduced by 1 million by 2002. The policies that address long-term disadvantage are also discussed and finally the whole programme is assessed and future strategy is considered.
Download InfoIf you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion, LSE in its series CASE Papers with number case38.
Date of creation: Mar 2000
Date of revision:
Contact details of provider:
Web page: http://sticerd.lse.ac.uk/case/_new/publications/default.asp
Child poverty; tax and benefit policy; welfare-to-work;
Other versions of this item:
- David Piachaud & Holly Sutherland & UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre, 2000. "How Effective is the British Government's Attempt to Reduce Child Poverty?," Innocenti Working Papers inwopa00/6, UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre.
- I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Immervoll H & Mitton L & O'donoghue C & Sutherland H, 1999. "Budgeting for fairness? The distributional effects of three Labour Budgets," Microsimulation Unit Research Notes MU/RN/32, Microsimulation Unit at the Institute for Social and Economic Research.
- Bruce Bradbury & Markus Jantti, 1999. "Child Poverty across Industrialized Nations," Innocenti Occasional Papers, Economic Policy Series iopeps99/70, UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre.
- Sutherland, Holly, 2001. "Reducing child poverty in Europe: what can static microsimulation models tell us?," EUROMOD Working Papers EM5/01, EUROMOD at the Institute for Social and Economic Research.
- Immervoll, Herwig & Levy, Horacio & Nogueira, José Ricardo & O'Donoghue, Cathal & Siqueira, Rozane Bezerra de, 2006.
"The Impact of Brazil's Tax-Benefit System on Inequality and Poverty,"
IZA Discussion Papers
2114, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
- Herwig Immervoll & Horacio Levy & José Ricardo Nogueira & Cathal O´Donoghue & Rozane Bezerra de Siqueira, 2005. "The Impact of Brazil´s Tax-Benefit System on Inequality and Poverty," Ibero America Institute for Econ. Research (IAI) Discussion Papers 117, Ibero-America Institute for Economic Research.
- Dickens & David T. Ellwood, 2004.
"Whither Poverty in Great Britain and the United States? The Determinants of Changing Poverty and Whether Work Will Work,"
in: Seeking a Premier Economy: The Economic Effects of British Economic Reforms, 1980-2000, pages 313-370
National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Richard Dickens & David T. Ellwood, 2001. "Whither Poverty in Great Britain and the United States? The Determinants of Changing Poverty and Whether Work Will Work," NBER Working Papers 8253, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Richard Dickens & David Ellwood, 2001. "Whither Poverty in Great Britain and the United States? The Determinants of Changing Poverty and Whether Work Will Work," CEP Discussion Papers dp0506, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
- Dickens, Richard & Ellwood, David T., 2001. "Whither Poverty in Great Britain and the United States? The Determinants of Changing Poverty and Whether Work Will Work," Working Paper Series rwp01-010, Harvard University, John F. Kennedy School of Government.
- Hélène Périvier-Timbeau, 2003. "Les mesures fiscales d’incitation au travail des personnes non qualifiées," Sciences Po publications info:hdl:2441/3464, Sciences Po.
- Holly Sutherland & Christine Lietz & Horacio Levy, 2005.
"Alternative Tax-benefit Strategies to Support Children in the European Union. Recent Reforms in Austria, Spain and the United Kingdom,"
Innocenti Working Papers
inwopa05/33, UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre.
- Levy, Horacio & Lietz, Christine & Sutherland, Holly, 2005. "Alternative tax-benefits strategies to support children in the European Union: recent reforms in Austria, Spain and the United Kingdom," EUROMOD Working Papers EM10/05, EUROMOD at the Institute for Social and Economic Research.
- John Hills, 2000. "Taxation for the Enabling State," CASE Papers case41, Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion, LSE.
- Mike Brewer & Paul Gregg, 2001.
"Eradicating child poverty in Britain: welfare reform and children since 1997,"
IFS Working Papers
W01/08, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
- Mike Brewer & Paul Gregg, 2002. "Eradicating Child Poverty in Britain: Welfare Reform and Children Since 1997," The Centre for Market and Public Organisation 02/052, Department of Economics, University of Bristol, UK.
- Levy, Horacio & Lietz, Christine & Sutherland, Holly, 2006. "Alternative Tax-Benefit Strategies to Support Children in the European Union. Recent Reforms in Austria, Spain and the UK," Economics Series 185, Institute for Advanced Studies.
- John Micklewright, 2003.
"Child Poverty in English-Speaking Countries,"
Innocenti Working Papers
inwopa03/25, UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre, revised 2003.
- Sutherland, H., 2001. "The National Minimum Wage and In-work Poverty," Cambridge Working Papers in Economics 0111, Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge.
- Herwig Immervoll & Cathal O'Donoghue, 2003.
"Towards A Multi-Purpose Framework For Tax-Benefit Microsimulation,"
- Immervoll, Herwig & O'Donoghue, Cathal, 2001. "Towards a multi purpose framework for tax benefit microsimulation," EUROMOD Working Papers EM2/01, EUROMOD at the Institute for Social and Economic Research.
- repec:ese:iserwp:2001-16 is not listed on IDEAS
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: ().
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.