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How Effective is the British Government's Attempt to Reduce Child Poverty?

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Author Info

  • David Piachaud
  • Holly Sutherland
  • UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre

Abstract

The Labour Government elected in 1997 in Britain made the reduction of child poverty one of its central objectives. This paper describes the specific initiatives involved in Labour’s approach and weighs them up in terms of their potential impact. After setting out the extent of the problem of child poverty, the causes are discussed and Britain's problem is set in international perspective. The impact on child poverty of policies designed to raise incomes directly is analysed using micro-simulation modelling. A major emphasis of the policy was the promotion of paid work, and the potential for poverty reduction of increasing the employment of parents is explored.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre in its series Innocenti Working Papers with number inwopa00/6.

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Length: 48
Date of creation: 2000
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ucf:inwopa:inwopa00/6

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Related research

Keywords: child poverty; economic planning; economic policy; poverty reduction;

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References

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  1. Bruce Bradbury & Markus Jantti, 1999. "Child Poverty across Industrialized Nations," Innocenti Occasional Papers, Economic Policy Series iopeps99/70, UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre.
  2. Immervoll H & Mitton L & O'donoghue C & Sutherland H, 1999. "Budgeting for fairness? The distributional effects of three Labour Budgets," Microsimulation Unit Research Notes MU/RN/32, Microsimulation Unit at the Institute for Social and Economic Research.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. repec:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/3861 is not listed on IDEAS
  2. Herwig Immervoll & Cathal O'Donoghue, 2009. "Towards a multi-purpose framework for tax-benefit microsimulation: lessons from EUROMOD," International Journal of Microsimulation, Interational Microsimulation Association, vol. 2(2), pages 43-54.
  3. Herwig Immervoll & Cathal O'Donoghue, 2003. "Towards A Multi-Purpose Framework For Tax-Benefit Microsimulation," Computational Economics 0302002, EconWPA.
  4. Herwig Immervoll & Horacio Levy & José Ricardo Nogueira & Cathal O´Donoghue & Rozane Bezerra de Siqueira, 2005. "The Impact of Brazil´s Tax-Benefit System on Inequality and Poverty," Ibero America Institute for Econ. Research (IAI) Discussion Papers 117, Ibero-America Institute for Economic Research.
  5. Sutherland, H., 2001. "The National Minimum Wage and In-work Poverty," Cambridge Working Papers in Economics 0111, Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge.
  6. repec:ese:emodwp:em10-05 is not listed on IDEAS
  7. John Hills, 2000. "Taxation for the Enabling State," CASE Papers case41, Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion, LSE.
  8. repec:ese:emodwp:em5-01 is not listed on IDEAS
  9. Richard Dickens & David Ellwood, 2001. "Whither Poverty in Great Britain and the United States? The Determinants of Changing Poverty and Whether Work Will Work," CEP Discussion Papers dp0506, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
  10. John Micklewright, 2003. "Child Poverty in English-Speaking Countries," Innocenti Working Papers inwopa03/25, UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre, revised 2003.
  11. repec:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/3464 is not listed on IDEAS
  12. Richard Dickens & David T. Ellwood, 2001. "Whither poverty in Great Britain and the United States? The determinants of changing poverty and whether work will work," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 20109, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
  13. Levy, Horacio & Lietz, Christine & Sutherland, Holly, 2006. "Alternative Tax-Benefit Strategies to Support Children in the European Union. Recent Reforms in Austria, Spain and the UK," Economics Series 185, Institute for Advanced Studies.
  14. repec:ese:iserwp:2001-16 is not listed on IDEAS
  15. Mike Brewer & Paul Gregg, 2001. "Eradicating child poverty in Britain: welfare reform and children since 1997," IFS Working Papers W01/08, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
  16. Hélène Périvier-Timbeau, 2003. "Les mesures fiscales d’incitation au travail des personnes non qualifiées," Sciences Po publications info:hdl:2441/3464, Sciences Po.
  17. repec:ese:emodwp:em2-01 is not listed on IDEAS
  18. Holly Sutherland & Christine Lietz & Horacio Levy, 2005. "Alternative Tax-benefit Strategies to Support Children in the European Union. Recent Reforms in Austria, Spain and the United Kingdom," Innocenti Working Papers inwopa05/33, UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre.

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