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The ECB Monetary Policy and the Current Financial Crisis

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  • Lena Kleanthous

    ()
    (Central Bank of Cyprus)

  • Pany Karamanou

    ()
    (Central Bank of Cyprus)

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    Abstract

    Our paper presents estimates of Taylor type rules for the euro area using quarterly data for the period 2004(Q4) to 2008(Q3). Unlike other studies, we employ a real-time data set using the quarterly ECB staff projections on inflation and output growth. Estimated realtime rules are also compared with a more conventional specification whereby ex-post data are employed. Our results suggest that: (i) the ECB monetary policy strategy can be represented with a simple interest-rate rule; (ii) the ECB takes into account the quarterly ECB staff projections when deciding on its monetary policy stance; (iii) the accommodative behaviour of the ECB often cited in the literature is related to differences between real-time and ex-post data; and (iv) the estimated simple interest-rate rule continues to capture the ECB monetary policy strategy during the recent financial crisis. In light of the above, we can draw three important policy conclusions. First, the ECB has a stabilising role in the economy. Second, the ECB has become rather hawkish in its monetary policy decision making, responding more to projected changes in inflation than to projected changes in the output growth gap. Finally, the ECB’s response during the recent financial crisis of reducing its interest rate to 1.00% by the first half of 2009 and undertaking non-standard measures to provide support to the financial sector is shown to be equivalent to following a simple interest-rate rule based on its previous practices.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Central Bank of Cyprus in its series Working Papers with number 2011-1.

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    Length: 35 pages
    Date of creation: Jan 2011
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:cyb:wpaper:2011-1

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    Web page: http://www.centralbank.gov.cy/nqcontent.cfm?a_id=1
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    Related research

    Keywords: Taylor type rules; ECB monetary policy; real-time data; financial crisis;

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