Substance Abuse Treatment and Motor Vehicle Fatalities
AbstractThe danger of alcohol- and drug-impaired driving implies that policies that reduce substance abuse can save lives. Using several estimation approaches, we show that a US county’s supply of substance abuse treatment facilities is negatively and significantly related to the county’s number of motor vehicle deaths. We find that placing an additional treatment clinic in a county reduces the number of vehicle fatalities by 8%. An additional outpatient clinic, which specializes in treating the local population, can reduce the overall number of traffic deaths by 13% and the number of alcohol-related deaths by 24%.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Department of Economics, College of William and Mary in its series Working Papers with number 66.
Length: 29 pages
Date of creation: 07 Dec 2007
Date of revision:
substance abuse; alcohol; motor vehicle fatalities; drunk driving;
Other versions of this item:
- Beth A. Freeborn & Brian McManus, 2010. "Substance Abuse Treatment and Motor Vehicle Fatalities," Southern Economic Journal, Southern Economic Association, vol. 76(4), pages 1032-1048, April.
- I1 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health
- I18 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Government Policy; Regulation; Public Health
- K42 - Law and Economics - - Legal Procedure, the Legal System, and Illegal Behavior - - - Illegal Behavior and the Enforcement of Law
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2007-12-15 (All new papers)
- NEP-HEA-2007-12-15 (Health Economics)
- NEP-LAW-2007-12-15 (Law & Economics)
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