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Determinants of motor vehicle crash fatalities using Bayesian model selection methods

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  • Blattenberger, Gail
  • Fowles, Richard
  • Loeb, Peter D.
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    Abstract

    Motor vehicle crashes continue to result in large numbers of fatalities each year and represent the leading cause of death for young persons. In 2006, for example, there were over 42,700 fatalities associated with these crashes. Understanding the causes of these crashes and methods to reduce them continues to be of great interest to economists, public health officials, and policy makers. We present in this paper statistical models using a rich set of panel data covering the period 1980 to 2007 by state and the District of Columbia. Our choice of variables is based on an extensive literature highlighting the importance of policy, safety, demographic, and economic determinants of fatality rates.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Research in Transportation Economics.

    Volume (Year): 43 (2013)
    Issue (Month): 1 ()
    Pages: 112-122

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:retrec:v:43:y:2013:i:1:p:112-122

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    Related research

    Keywords: Motor vehicle crashes; Bayesian econometrics; Cell phones; Vehicle safety;

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    References

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    6. Fowles, Richard & Loeb, Peter D, 1989. "Speeding, Coordination, and the 55-MPH Limit: Comment," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 79(4), pages 916-21, September.
    7. Peter Loeb & William Clarke & Richard Anderson, 2009. "The impact of cell phones on motor vehicle fatalities," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 41(22), pages 2905-2914.
    8. Peter Asch & David T. Levy, 1987. "Does the minimum drinking age affect traffic fatalities?," Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 6(2), pages 180-192.
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    14. Edward E. Leamer, 1982. "Let's Take the Con Out of Econometrics," UCLA Economics Working Papers 239, UCLA Department of Economics.
    15. Gail Blattenberger & Richard Fowles & Peter D. Loeb & Wm. A. Clarke, 2012. "Understanding the cell phone effect on vehicle fatalities: a Bayesian view," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 44(14), pages 1823-1835, May.
    16. Leamer, Edward E, 1997. "Revisiting Tobin's 1950 Study of Food Expenditure," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 12(5), pages 533-53, Sept.-Oct.
    17. Chaloupka, Frank J & Saffer, Henry & Grossman, Michael, 1993. "Alcohol-Control Policies and Motor-Vehicle Fatalities," The Journal of Legal Studies, University of Chicago Press, vol. 22(1), pages 161-86, January.
    18. Leamer, Edward E, 1997. "Revisiting Tobin's 1950 Study of Food Expenditure: Reply," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 12(5), pages 559-61, Sept.-Oct.
    19. Saffer, Henry & Grossman, Michael, 1987. "Drinking Age Laws and Highway Mortality Rates: Cause and Effect," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 25(3), pages 403-17, July.
    20. Henry Saffer & Michael Grossman, 1986. "Beer Taxes, the Legal Drinking Age, and Youth Motor Vehicle Fatalities," NBER Working Papers 1914, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    21. Leamer, Edward E, 1982. "Sets of Posterior Means with Bounded Variance Priors," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 50(3), pages 725-36, May.
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