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Polysémie des approches monétaires de la pauvreté : le dilemme rural-urbain au Sénégal

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  • Jean-Paul MINVIELLE

    (Economiste IRD)

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    Abstract

    Il est généralement considéré que la pauvreté en Afrique est essentiellement un phénomène rural. Cette analyse est confortée par le fait que l'on relève dans le milieu rural des incidences de la pauvreté particulièrement élevées. En fait, cette représentation de la réalité est en grande partie biaisée par la combinaison de deux choix méthodologiques : d'une part le recours à un seuil de pauvreté unique pour l'ensemble du pays, d'autre part une focalisation sur l'incidence de la pauvreté au détriment d'autres indicateurs tels le nombre absolu de pauvres ou bien leur déficit de dépenses par rapport au seuil de pauvreté, des informations cruciales pour la détermination de politiques de lutte contre la pauvreté. Le recours à des méthodologies et des représentations mieux adaptées aux réalités locales dessine une autre image en montrant une pauvreté urbaine plus importante qu'il ne l'est généralement admis.

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    File URL: http://sites.uclouvain.be/econ/DP/REL/2007024.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES) in its series Discussion Papers (REL - Recherches Economiques de Louvain) with number 2007024.

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    Length: 24
    Date of creation: 01 Jun 2007
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:ctl:louvre:2007024

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    Web page: http://www.uclouvain.be/ires
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    Related research

    Keywords: Pauvreté; pauvreté monétaire; pauvreté monétaire pauvreté rurale; seuil de pauvreté; indicateurs de pauvreté; méthodes statistiques; Sénégal; Afrique;

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    1. Ravallion, Martin, 2001. "On the urbanization of poverty," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2586, The World Bank.
    2. Sahn,David E. & Dorosh,Paul A. & Younger,Stephen D., 1999. "Structural Adjustment Reconsidered," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521665131, October.
    3. Agenor, Pierre-Richard, 2002. "Macroeconomic adjustment and the poor : analytical issues and cross-country evidence," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2788, The World Bank.
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