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How ‘Provincial is Your Region? Openness and Regional Performance in Europe

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Author Info

  • Alfonso Gambardella

    ()
    (KITeS, Universita' Bocconi, Milano, Italy)

  • Myriam Mariani

    ()
    (KITeS, Universita' Bocconi, Milano, Italy)

  • Salvatore Torrisi

    (KITeS, Universita' Bocconi, Milano, and University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy)

Abstract

By employing 1995-2000 data on European regions we construct an index of regional openness based on the share of hotels on population and the share of population that speaks a second language. This index has an impact on regional performance after controlling for technological capabilities, agglomeration economies, and other factors. Apart from a direct effect of openness, we find an indirect effect coming through patents. This suggests that open regions tap into wider knowledge networks that then affect performance. From a policy perspective, making a region less provincial can be as important as investments in local infrastructures and networks.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by KITeS, Centre for Knowledge, Internationalization and Technology Studies, Universita' Bocconi, Milano, Italy in its series KITeS Working Papers with number 006.

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Length: 34 pages
Date of creation: Apr 2009
Date of revision: Apr 2009
Handle: RePEc:cri:cespri:wp233

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Related research

Keywords: openness; regional performance; regional advantages; technology; European regions.;

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Cited by:
  1. Castellani, Davide & Pieri, Fabio, 2013. "R&D offshoring and the productivity growth of European regions," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 42(9), pages 1581-1594.
  2. Tani, Massimiliano & Joyeux, Roselyne, 2013. "Do Business Visits Cause Productivity Growth?," IZA Discussion Papers 7827, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

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