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The Dynamics of Industrial Clustering: International Comparisons in Computing and Biotechnology

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Editor Info

  • Swann, G. M. Peter
    (Manchester Business School, and PREST, University of Manchester)
  • Prevezer, Martha
    (South Bank University)
  • Stout, David
    (London Business School)

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Abstract

Why do firms in high technology industries cluster at particular locations? Do firms grow faster at such locations and are disproportionately more new firms created in clusters? The contributors to this volume establish that new firms in computing and biotechnology have been attracted to particular sites by the presence of opportunities not taken up by incumbent firms. These opportunities arise when the cluster is strong in a mix of industrial sectors and in its science base. By contrast, incumbent firms benefit from locating in clusters that are strong in their own industrial sector, but tend to miss out on opportunities that arise too far from their immediate sphere. This book compares the clustering process in the UK and the US in both computing and biotechnology. There are surprisingly similar tendencies towards clustering in both industries, though different structures and scale of the industries contribute to slower growth rates in the UK. There are other conditionsco-operation, critical mass in R&D, networking across disciplinesthat are lacking in the UK, and these hinder cluster formation and growth. Policy needs to focus on infrastructure in particular regions, building on existing resources and specialisms, and it needs to support those features of a cluster that attract new resources to a region.

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Bibliographic Info

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This book is provided by Oxford University Press in its series OUP Catalogue with number 9780198289593 and published in 1998.

ISBN: 9780198289593
Order: http://ukcatalogue.oup.com/product/9780198289593.do
Handle: RePEc:oxp:obooks:9780198289593

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Cited by:
  1. Catherine Beaudry, 2001. "Entry, Growth and Patenting in Industrial Clusters: A Study of the Aerospace Industry in the UK," International Journal of the Economics of Business, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 8(3), pages 405-436.
  2. Devereux, Michael P. & Griffith, Rachel & Simpson, Helen, 2004. "The geographic distribution of production activity in the UK," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 34(5), pages 533-564, September.
  3. Franz Tödtling & Michaela Trippl & Lukas Lengauer, 2008. "Towards Regional Knowledge Economies: Routes and Policy Options," SRE-Disc sre-disc-2008_05, Institute for the Environment and Regional Development, Department of Socioeconomics, Vienna University of Economics and Business.
  4. Sonobe, Tetsushi & Hu, Dinghuan & Otsuka, Keijiro, 2006. "Industrial development in the inland region of China: A case study of the motorcycle industry," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 34(4), pages 818-838, December.
  5. Gary A. S. Cook & Naresh R. Pandit & Jonathan V. Beaverstock & Peter J. Taylor & Kathy Pain, 2004. "The Clustering of Financial Services in London," ERSA conference papers ersa04p49, European Regional Science Association.
  6. Evers, Hans-Dieter, 2011. "Knowledge cluster formation as a science policy: lessons learned," MPRA Paper 33978, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  7. Antonio Fuster Olivares & Jose Miguel Giner Perez & Mª Carmen Tolosa Bailen, 2004. "The new economy in Spain: a regional analysis," ERSA conference papers ersa04p284, European Regional Science Association.
  8. Naresh Pandit & Gary Cook & G. M. P. Swann, 2002. "A Comparison of Clustering Dynamics in the British Broadcasting and Financial Services Industries," International Journal of the Economics of Business, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 9(2), pages 195-224.
  9. Peter Brown & Rod McNaughton & Jim Bell, 2010. "Marketing externalities in industrial clusters: A literature review and evidence from the Christchurch, New Zealand electronics cluster," Journal of International Entrepreneurship, Springer, vol. 8(2), pages 168-181, June.
  10. Al James, 2005. "Demystifying the role of culture in innovative regional economies," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 39(9), pages 1197-1216.

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