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GMM Redundancy Results for General Missing Data Problems

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  • Artem Prokhorov

    (Concordia University)

  • Peter Schmidt

    (Michigan State University)

Abstract

We consider questions of efficiency and redundancy in the GMM estimation problem in which we have two sets of moment conditions, where two sets of parameters enter into one set of moment conditions, while only one set of parameters enters into the other. We then apply these results to a selectivity problem in which the first set of moment conditions is for the model of interest, and the second set of moment conditions is for the selection process. We use these results to explain the counterintuitive result in the literature that, under an ignorability assumption that justifies GMM with weighted moment conditions, weighting using estimated probabilities of selection is better than weighting using the true probabilities. We also consider estimation under an exogeneity of selection assumption such that both the unweighted and the weighted moment conditions are valid, and we show that when weighting is not needed for consistency, it is also not useful for efficiency.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Concordia University, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 08003.

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Date of creation: Jun 2008
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Handle: RePEc:crd:wpaper:08003

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References

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  1. Judith K. Hellerstein & Guido W. Imbens, 1999. "Imposing Moment Restrictions From Auxiliary Data By Weighting," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 81(1), pages 1-14, February.
  2. Goldberger, Arthur S, 1972. "Maximum-Likelihood Estimation of Regressions Containing Unobservable Independent Variables," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 13(1), pages 1-15, February.
  3. Atsushi Inoue & Gary Solon, 2005. "Two-Sample Instrumental Variables Estimators," NBER Technical Working Papers 0311, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Imbens, G.W., 1990. "An Efficient Method Of Moments Estimator For Descrete Choice Models With Choice-Based Sampling," Papers 9009, Tilburg - Center for Economic Research.
  5. Hahn, Jinyong, 1997. "Efficient estimation of panel data models with sequential moment restrictions," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 79(1), pages 1-21, July.
  6. Pagan, Adrian, 1984. "Econometric Issues in the Analysis of Regressions with Generated Regressors," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 25(1), pages 221-47, February.
  7. Jeffrey M. Wooldridge, 2002. "Inverse probability weighted M-estimators for sample selection, attrition and stratification," CeMMAP working papers CWP11/02, Centre for Microdata Methods and Practice, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
  8. Keisuke Hirano & Guido W. Imbens & Geert Ridder, 2003. "Efficient Estimation of Average Treatment Effects Using the Estimated Propensity Score," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 71(4), pages 1161-1189, 07.
  9. Zellner, Arnold, 1970. "Estimation of Regression Relationships Containing Unobservable Independent Variables," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 11(3), pages 441-54, October.
  10. Joaquim J.S. Ramalho & Esmeralda Ramalho, 2005. "Bias-corrected Moment-based Estimators for Parametric Models under Endogenous Stratified Sampling," Economics Working Papers 11_2005, University of Évora, Department of Economics (Portugal).
  11. Hitomi, Kohtaro & Nishiyama, Yoshihiko & Okui, Ryo, 2008. "A Puzzling Phenomenon In Semiparametric Estimation Problems With Infinite-Dimensional Nuisance Parameters," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 24(06), pages 1717-1728, December.
  12. Nevo, Aviv, 2002. "Sample selection and information-theoretic alternatives to GMM," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 107(1-2), pages 149-157, March.
  13. Aviv Nevo, 2001. "Using Weights to Adjust for Sample Selection When Auxiliary Information is Available," NBER Technical Working Papers 0275, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  14. Hansen, Lars Peter, 1982. "Large Sample Properties of Generalized Method of Moments Estimators," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 50(4), pages 1029-54, July.
  15. Cosslett, Stephen R, 1981. "Maximum Likelihood Estimator for Choice-Based Samples," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 49(5), pages 1289-1316, September.
  16. Masayuki Henmi & Shinto Eguchi, 2004. "A paradox concerning nuisance parameters and projected estimating functions," Biometrika, Biometrika Trust, vol. 91(4), pages 929-941, December.
  17. Qian, Hailong & Schmidt, Peter, 1999. "Improved instrumental variables and generalized method of moments estimators," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 91(1), pages 145-169, July.
  18. Heckman, James J & Ichimura, Hidehiko & Todd, Petra, 1998. "Matching as an Econometric Evaluation Estimator," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 65(2), pages 261-94, April.
  19. Wooldridge, Jeffrey M., 2001. "Asymptotic Properties Of Weighted M-Estimators For Standard Stratified Samples," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 17(02), pages 451-470, April.
  20. Chamberlain, Gary, 1987. "Asymptotic efficiency in estimation with conditional moment restrictions," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 34(3), pages 305-334, March.
  21. Wooldridge, Jeffrey M., 2007. "Inverse probability weighted estimation for general missing data problems," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 141(2), pages 1281-1301, December.
  22. Crepon, Bruno & Kramarz, Francis & Trognon, Alain, 1997. "Parameters of interest, nuisance parameters and orthogonality conditions An application to autoregressive error component models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 82(1), pages 135-156.
  23. Newey, Whitney K., 1984. "A method of moments interpretation of sequential estimators," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 14(2-3), pages 201-206.
  24. Angrist, Joshua D & Krueger, Alan B, 1995. "Split-Sample Instrumental Variables Estimates of the Return to Schooling," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 13(2), pages 225-35, April.
  25. Jeffrey M. Wooldridge, 1999. "Asymptotic Properties of Weighted M-Estimators for Variable Probability Samples," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 67(6), pages 1385-1406, November.
  26. Breusch, Trevor & Qian, Hailong & Schmidt, Peter & Wyhowski, Donald, 1999. "Redundancy of moment conditions," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 91(1), pages 89-111, July.
  27. Jinyong Hahn, 1998. "On the Role of the Propensity Score in Efficient Semiparametric Estimation of Average Treatment Effects," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 66(2), pages 315-332, March.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Mitsukuni Nishida, 2012. "Estimating a Model of Strategic Network Choice: The Convenience-Store Industry in Okinawa," Economics Working Paper Archive 594, The Johns Hopkins University,Department of Economics.
  2. Moser, Christoph & Urban, Dieter M & Weder di Mauro, Beatrice, 2008. "International Competitiveness, Job Creation and Job Destruction - An Establishment Level Study of German Job Flows," CEPR Discussion Papers 6745, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  3. Gorodnichenko, Yuriy & Mikusheva, Anna & Ng, Serena, 2012. "Estimators For Persistent And Possibly Nonstationary Data With Classical Properties," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 28(05), pages 1003-1036, October.
  4. Ot�vio Bartalotti, 2013. "GMM Efficiency and IPW Estimation for Nonsmooth Functions," Working Papers 1301, Tulane University, Department of Economics.
  5. Han, Chirok & Kim, Beomsoo, 2011. "A GMM interpretation of the paradox in the inverse probability weighting estimation of the average treatment effect on the treated," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 110(2), pages 163-165, February.
  6. Hitomi, Kohtaro & Nishiyama, Yoshihiko & Okui, Ryo, 2008. "A Puzzling Phenomenon In Semiparametric Estimation Problems With Infinite-Dimensional Nuisance Parameters," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 24(06), pages 1717-1728, December.

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