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Fiscal spending for economic growth in the presence of imperfect markets

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  • Islam, Asif
  • López, Ramón

Abstract

Political economy factors tend to induce many governments to spend on private goods (non-social subsidies) to the detriment of spending on social and public goods. We show that this bias in spending patterns is particularly costly for economic growth when capital markets are imperfect. We thus provide a simple taxonomy of government spending: spending in goods that mitigate market failures versus spending in non-social subsidies which frequently have the sole purpose of benefiting special interest groups. We develop a theoretical model and link it quite closely to an empirical model. The empirical results fully corroborate the hypothesis that spending biases in favor of non-social subsidies reduce the rate of economic growth over the long run. The empirical findings are exceptionally robust.

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Paper provided by C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers in its series CEPR Discussion Papers with number 8709.

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Date of creation: Dec 2011
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Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:8709

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Keywords: economic growth investment; government spending; market imperfections; non-social subsidies;

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Cited by:
  1. Islam, Asif M. & López, Ramón E., 2013. "Government Spending and Air Pollution in the US," Working Papers 144406, University of Maryland, Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics.

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