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Corporate Liquidity

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  • Dittmar, Amy
  • Mahrt-Smith, Jan
  • Servaes, Henri

Abstract

Agency problems are an important determinant of corporate liquidity. For a sample of more than 11,000 firms from 45 countries, we find that corporations in countries where shareholders rights are not well protected hold up to twice as much cash as corporations in countries with good shareholder protection. In addition, when shareholder protection is poor, factors that generally drive the need for liquidity, such as investment opportunities and asymmetric information, actually become less important. These results strengthen after controlling for capital market development. In fact, consistent with the importance of agency costs, we find that managers actually hold larger cash balances when capital markets are better developed. Our evidence indicates that investors in countries with poor shareholder protection cannot force managers to disgorge excessive cash balances.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers in its series CEPR Discussion Papers with number 3499.

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Date of creation: Aug 2002
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Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:3499

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Keywords: cash holdings; corporate liquidity; shareholder rights;

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References

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  7. Rafael La Porta & Florencio Lopez-de-Silanes & Andrei Shleifer & Robert W. Vishny, 1998. "Agency Problems and Dividend Policies Around the World," Harvard Institute of Economic Research Working Papers 1839, Harvard - Institute of Economic Research.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. W.A. Bruinshoofd & C.J.M. Kool, 2004. "Dutch corporate liquidity management: new evidence on aggregation," WO Research Memoranda (discontinued) 756, Netherlands Central Bank, Research Department.
  2. Filippo Ippolito & Ander Perez, 2012. "Credit Lines: The Other Side of Corporate Liquidity," Working Papers 618, Barcelona Graduate School of Economics.
  3. Heitor Almeida & Filippo Ippolito & Ander Perez & Viral Acharya, 2012. "Credit Lines as Monitored Liquidity Insurance: Theory and Evidence," 2012 Meeting Papers 823, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  4. Viktoria Hnatkovska & Roc Armenter, 2012. "The Macroeconomics of Firms' Savings," 2012 Meeting Papers 803, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  5. Burkart, Mike & Raff, Konrad, 2012. "Performance Pay, CEO Dismissal, and the Dual Role of Takeovers," CEPR Discussion Papers 8794, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  6. Hetland, Ove Rein & Mjøs, Aksel, 2012. "Credit Shocks Harm the Unprepared - Financing Constraints and the Financial Crisis," Discussion Papers 2012/11, Department of Business and Management Science, Norwegian School of Economics.
  7. Nguyen, Pascal, 2012. "The impact of foreign investors on the risk-taking of Japanese firms," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Elsevier, vol. 26(2), pages 233-248.
  8. Kimie Harada & Pascal Nguyen, 2011. "Ownership concentration and dividend policy in Japan," Managerial Finance, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 37(4), pages 362-379, April.
  9. Filippo Ippolito & Ander Pérez Orive, 2012. "Credit lines: The other side of corporate liquidity," Economics Working Papers 1311, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra.
  10. Jose M. Berrospide & Ralf R. Meisenzahl & Briana D. Sullivan, 2012. "Credit line use and availability in the financial crisis: the importance of hedging," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2012-27, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
  11. Campello, Murillo & Graham, John R. & Harvey, Campbell R., 2010. "The real effects of financial constraints: Evidence from a financial crisis," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 97(3), pages 470-487, September.
  12. Tom Aabo & Marianna Andryeyeva Hansen & Christos Pantzalis, 2012. "Corporate foreign exchange speculation and integrated risk management," Managerial Finance, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 38(8), pages 729-751, August.
  13. Humphery-Jenner, M., 2011. "Diversification in Private Equity Funds: On Knowledge-sharing, Risk-aversion and Limited-attention," Discussion Paper 2011-046, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
  14. Heitor Almeida & Murillo Campello & Michael S. Weisbach, 2002. "Corporate Demand for Liquidity," NBER Working Papers 9253, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  15. Murillo Campello & Heitor Almeida, 2010. "Aggregate Risk and the Choice Between Cash and Lines of Credit," 2010 Meeting Papers 1287, Society for Economic Dynamics.

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