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Inflación y apertura: evidencia para Colombia (1980-2005)

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  • Carlos Esteban Posada

    ()

  • Camilo Morales J.

    ()

Abstract

En los últimos años se ha desarrollado en la literatura internacional una corriente de estudio enfocada aexaminar los efectos del libre comercio sobre la inflación. Este trabajo pone a prueba la hipótesis de unaconexión entre el grado de apertura de la economía colombiana y su tasa de inflación. Con un modelo Pestrella,el artículo muestra que una mayor apertura al comercio internacional no implica mayores omenores tasas de inflación sino una mayor sensibilidad de esta a choques externos. El ejercicio requirióla construcción de tres variables: inflación externa, devaluación nominal del peso contra las monedasdel mundo y un indicador de protección comercial.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA in its series BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA with number 004286.

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Length: 20
Date of creation: 18 Oct 2007
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Handle: RePEc:col:000094:004286

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Keywords: apertura; inflación; devaluación; inflación externa; tarifa media arancelaria; P-estrella.;

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  1. Gerlach, Stefan & Svensson, Lars E O, 2002. "Money and Inflation in the Euro-Area: A Case for Monetary Indicators?," CEPR Discussion Papers 3392, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  2. Leonardo Villar & Pilar Esguerra, 2005. "El Comercio Exterior Colombiano En El Siglo Xx," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 002468, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
  3. David Arseneau, 2007. "The Inflation Tax in an Open Economy with Imperfect Competition," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 10(1), pages 126-147, January.
  4. David Romer, 1991. "Openness and inflation: theory and evidence," Proceedings, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, issue Nov.
  5. Christopher Bowdler & Adeel Malik, 2005. "Openness and inflation volatility: cross-country evidence," CSAE Working Paper Series 2005-08, Centre for the Study of African Economies, University of Oxford.
  6. M. Ali Khan, 2007. "Perfect Competition," PIDE-Working Papers 2007:15, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics.
  7. Javier Gómez & José Darío Uribe & Hernando Vargas, 2002. "The Implementation Of Inflation Targeting In Colombia," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 003603, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
  8. Sachsida, Adolfo & Carneiro, Francisco Galrao & Loureiro, Paulo R. A., 2003. "Does greater trade openness reduce inflation? Further evidence using panel data techniques," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 81(3), pages 315-319, December.
  9. Geoffrey M.B. Tootell, 1998. "Globalization and U.S. inflation," New England Economic Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, issue Jul, pages 21-33.
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