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Inflación y apertura: evidencia para Colombia (1980-2005)

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  • Carlos Esteban Posada P.

    ()

  • Camilo Morales J.

    ()

Abstract

En los últimos años se ha desarrollado en la literatura internacional una corriente de estudio enfocada a examinar los efectos del libre comercio sobre la inflación. Este trabajo pone a prueba la hipótesis de una conexión entre el grado de apertura de la economía colombiana y su tasa de inflación. Con un modelo P-estrella, el artículo muestra que una mayor apertura al comercio internacional no implica mayores o menores tasas de inflación sino una mayor sensibilidad de esta a choques externos. El ejercicio requirió la construcción de tres variables: inflación externa, devaluación nominal del peso contra las monedas del mundo y un indicador de protección comercial.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Banco de la Republica de Colombia in its series Borradores de Economia with number 460.

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Handle: RePEc:bdr:borrec:460

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Related research

Keywords: Apertura; inflación; devaluación; inflación externa; tarifa media arancelaria; P-estrella. Classification JEL: E31; F13; F15; F41.;

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References

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  1. Lars E.O. Svensson & Stefan Gerlach, 2001. "Money and inflation in the Euro Area: A case for monetary indicators?," BIS Working Papers 98, Bank for International Settlements.
  2. M Ali Khan, 2007. "Perfect Competition," Microeconomics Working Papers 22207, East Asian Bureau of Economic Research.
  3. Javier Gómez & José Darío Uribe & Hernando Vargas, 2002. "The Implementation Of Inflation Targeting In Colombia," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 003603, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
  4. Romer, David, 1993. "Openness and Inflation: Theory and Evidence," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 108(4), pages 869-903, November.
  5. Sachsida, Adolfo & Carneiro, Francisco Galrao & Loureiro, Paulo R. A., 2003. "Does greater trade openness reduce inflation? Further evidence using panel data techniques," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 81(3), pages 315-319, December.
  6. Geoffrey M.B. Tootell, 1998. "Globalization and U.S. inflation," New England Economic Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, issue Jul, pages 21-33.
  7. David Arseneau, 2007. "The Inflation Tax in an Open Economy with Imperfect Competition," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 10(1), pages 126-147, January.
  8. Christopher Bowdler & Adeel Malik, 2005. "Openness and inflation volatility: Cross-country evidence," Economics Papers 2005-W14, Economics Group, Nuffield College, University of Oxford.
  9. Leonardo Villar & Pilar Esguerra, 2005. "El Comercio Exterior Colombiano En El Siglo Xx," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 002468, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
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