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An approximation to the digital divide among low income people in Colombia, Mexico and Perú: two composite indexes


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  • Luis Hernando Gutierrez


  • Luis Fernando Gamboa



This study examines the determinants of information and communications technology (ICT) use and access of low-income people in three developing countries: Colombia, Mexico and Peru. We focus on cross-country differences and similarities in ICTs use across gender, age, education and income, using two composite indicators of ICT. The main similarity across the countries is that education is by far the single most important factor limiting the digitalization of low-income people. The impact of income was low although positive. There is not apparently a gender gap in Colombia and Mexico but one in Peru. Our findings also suggest that when using a composite indicator that only include the ‘advanced ICTs’, disadvantage people among the low-income people can be more constrained in the use and access of more advanced information and communications technologies. **** El estudio analiza los determinantes de uso y acceso a las tecnologías de información y comunicación en personas de bajos ingresos en pasases como Colombia, México y Perú. El punto central esta en analizar las diferencias entre países de acuerdo a diferentes variables socioeconómicas. Se encuentra que la variable que más explica el nivel de acceso digital es la escolaridad. De otro lado no se encuentra una brecha por género sino en Perú. Los resultados también indican que cuando solo se tienen en cuenta las tecnologías más ‘avanzadas’, las diferencias entre la población son más notorias.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by UNIVERSIDAD DEL ROSARIO in its series DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO with number 004710.

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Length: 27
Date of creation: 04 Jun 2008
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Handle: RePEc:col:000092:004710

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  1. Chinn, Menzie David & Fairlie, Robert W, 2004. "The Determinants of the Global Digital Divide: A cross-country analysis of computer and internet penetration," Center for Global, International and Regional Studies, Working Paper Series qt6hz053p3, Center for Global, International and Regional Studies, UC Santa Cruz.
  2. Vicente, Maria Rosalia & Lopez, Ana Jesus, 2006. "Patterns of ICT diffusion across the European Union," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 93(1), pages 45-51, October.
  3. Michael Demoussis & Nicholas Giannakopoulos, 2006. "Facets of the digital divide in Europe: Determination and extent of internet use," Economics of Innovation and New Technology, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 15(3), pages 235-246.
  4. Fairlie Robert W, 2004. "Race and the Digital Divide," The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy, De Gruyter, vol. 3(1), pages 1-40, September.
  5. Quibria, M. G. & Ahmed, Shamsun N. & Tschang, Ted & Reyes-Macasaquit, Mari-Len, 2003. "Digital divide: determinants and policies with special reference to Asia," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, vol. 13(6), pages 811-825, January.
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Cited by:
  1. Luis Fernando Gamboa & Jesus Otero, 2008. "An estimation of the pattern of diffusion of mobile phones: the case of Colombia," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO 005149, UNIVERSIDAD DEL ROSARIO.
  2. Luis Fernando Gamboa, 2009. "Strategic Uses of Mobile Phones in the BoP: Some Examples in Latin American Countries," Lecturas de Economía, Universidad de Antioquia, Departamento de Economía, issue 71, pages 209-234.


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