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Agglomeration, related variety and vertical integration

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  • Giulio Cainelli

    ()
    (Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche “Marco Fanno”, Università degli Studi di Padova)

  • Donato Iacobucci

    ()
    (Dipartimento di Ingegneria Informatica, Gestionale e dell’Automazione, Università Politecnica delle Marche)

Abstract

Several recent studies investigate the relation between geographic concentration of production and vertical integration based on the hypothesis that spatial agglomeration of firms in the same industry facilitates input procurement thereby reducing the degree of vertical integration. The present paper contributes to this debate. We are interested specifically in assessing the effect of specialization compared to variety, in local production systems, in these decisions. Using a dataset of 24,663 Italian business groups for 2001, we estimate Tobit models to investigate the influence of these forces on the degree of vertical integration. Following a methodology developed by Fan et al. (2009), we construct an index of vertical integration in business groups using information on the activities of firms belonging to the same group, and information from input-output tables on the exchanges between industries. Our evidence supports the hypothesis that vertical integration choices are influenced by agglomeration forces. Moreover, we find that the higher the variety in the local system the lower the need for firms to integrate activities since they can acquire intermediate goods and services from within the local system. Finally, we show that it is not variety ‘per se’ that matters for vertical integration choices, but the presence of technologically related activities.

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File URL: http://193.205.129.80/repec/cme/wpaper/cmetwp_05_2010.pdf
File Function: First version, 2010
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by c.MET-05 - Centro interuniversitario di Economia Applicata alle Politiche per L'industria, lo Sviluppo locale e l'Internazionalizzazione in its series Working Papers with number 1005.

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Length: 28 pages
Date of creation: Nov 2010
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:cme:wpaper:1005

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Web page: http://www.cmet.it
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Keywords: vertical integration; agglomeration; related-variety; business groups;

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References

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Roberto Antonietti & Maria Rosaria Ferrante & Riccardo Leoncini, 2014. "Trust your neighbour. Industrial relatedness, social capital and outsourcing," Papers in Evolutionary Economic Geography (PEEG) 1403, Utrecht University, Section of Economic Geography, revised Jan 2014.
  2. Roberto Antonietti, 2014. "From Outsourcing to Productivity, Passing Through Training: Microeconometric Evidence from Italy," Working Papers 2014.12, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei.
  3. Roberto Antonietti & Giulio Cainelli & Claudio Lupi, 2012. "Vertical disintegration and spatial co-localization: the case of Kibs in the Metropolitan Region of Milan," Openloc Working Papers 1202, Public policies and local development.
  4. Cirer-Costa, Joan Carles, 2013. "The role of geography in the success of the balearic tourism industry," MPRA Paper 47701, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  5. Giulio Cainelli & Andrea Fracasso & Giuseppe Vittucci Marzetti, 2012. "Spatial agglomeration and productivity in Italy: a panel smooth transition regression approach," Openloc Working Papers 1204, Public policies and local development.
  6. Frank Van Oort, 2013. "Agglomeration Economics Beyond the Specialisation-Diversity Controversy," Papers in Evolutionary Economic Geography (PEEG) 1313, Utrecht University, Section of Economic Geography, revised Aug 2013.
  7. Giulio Cainelli & Eleonora Di Maria & Roberto Ganau, 2011. "Agglomeration, related-variety and internationalisation. Does a relationship exist?," Openloc Working Papers 1114, Public policies and local development.

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