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Spatial Externalities, Relatedness and Sector Employment Growth in Great Britain

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  • Paul Bishop
  • Peter Gripaios
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    Abstract

    Bishop P. and Gripaios P. Spatial externalities, relatedness and sector employment growth in Great Britain, Regional Studies. This paper examines the impact of externalities on employment growth in sub-regions of Great Britain by estimating ordinary least-squares (OLS) and maximum likelihood spatial models at the two-digit level for 23 sectors. Issues arising from relatedness, sector differences, competition, cross-boundary spillovers, and spatial autocorrelation are explicitly addressed. Results indicate that specialization has a generally negative impact on growth, whilst the impact of diversity is heterogeneous across sectors and strong local competition has a typically positive impact. The results question the merits of policies primarily aimed at promoting regional specialization and suggest that diversity, local competition, and sector heterogeneity are important policy issues. [image omitted] Bishop P. et Gripaios P. Les effets externes geographiques, la connectivite et la croissance de l'emploi sectoriel en Grande-Bretagne, Regional Studies. A partir des estimations OLS et des modeles geographiques du maximum de vraisemblance au niveau des deux chiffres pour vingt-trois secteurs, cet article cherche a examiner l'impact des effets externes sur la croissance de l'emploi dans les sous-regions britanniques. On aborde notamment les questions qui emanent de la connectivite, des differences sectorielles, de la concurrence, des retombees transfrontalieres et de l'autocorrelation geographique. Les resultats indiquent qu'en regle generale la specialisation influe de facon negative sur la croissance, alors que l'impact de la diversite s'avere heterogene a travers les secteurs et que la concurrence locale vive influe de facon positive, comme d'habitude. Les resultats mettent en doute les politiques qui cherchent essentiellement a promouvoir la specialisation regionale et laissent supposer que la diversite, la concurrence locale et l'heterogeneite sectorielle sont d'importantes questions de politique. Effets externes geographiques Croissance de l'emploi Grande-Bretagne Bishop P. und Gripaios P. Ra�umliche Externalita�ten, Beziehungen und sektorales Bescha�ftigungswachstum in Grossbritannien, Regional Studies. In diesem Beitrag untersuchen wir die Auswirkung von Externalita�ten auf das Bescha�ftigungswachstum in den Subregionen von Grossbritannien mit Hilfe einer OLS-Scha�tzung und ra�umlicher maximaler Wahrscheinlichkeitsmodelle auf zweistelliger Ebene fur 23 Sektoren. Insbesondere gehen wir auf Aspekte der Bereiche Beziehung, Sektorunterschiede, Wettbewerb, grenzuberschreitende Ubertragungen und ra�umliche Autokorrelation ein. Die Ergebnisse weisen darauf hin, dass sich eine Spezialisierung generell negativ auf das Wachstum auswirkt, wa�hrend die Auswirkung von Vielfalt innerhalb der Sektoren heterogen ausfa�llt und ein starker lokaler Wettbewerb in der Regel positive Auswirkungen hat. Die Ergebnisse stellen den Nutzen von Politiken in Frage, die in erster Linie auf eine Forderung der regionalen Spezialisierung abzielen, und legen den Schluss nahe, dass Vielfalt, lokaler Wettbewerb und Sektor-Heterogenita�t wichtige politische Aspekte darstellen. Ra�umliche Externalita�ten Bescha�ftigungswachstum Grossbritannien Bishop P. y Gripaios P. Efectos externos espaciales, relaciones y el crecimiento sectorial del empleo en Gran Bretana, Regional Studies. En este articulo examinamos los efectos de factores externos en el crecimiento de empleo en las subregiones de Gran Bretana calculando los MCO (minimos cuadrados ordinarios) y los modelos espaciales de la probabilidad maxima a un nivel de dos digitos para 23 sectores. Aqui analizamos especificamente las relaciones, las diferencias entre sectores, la competencia, los desbordamientos transfronterizos y la autocorrelacion espacial. Los resultados indican que en general la especializacion tiene un impacto negativo en el crecimiento mientras que el impacto de la diversidad es heterogeneo en todos los sectores y una fuerte competencia local tiene un impacto tipicamente positivo. Los resultados cuestionan los meritos de las politicas destinadas principalmente a fomentar la especializacion regional e indican que la diversidad, la competencia local y la heterogeneidad sectorial son aspectos politicos importantes. Factores externos espaciales Crecimiento del empleo Gran Bretana

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

    Volume (Year): 44 (2010)
    Issue (Month): 4 ()
    Pages: 443-454

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    Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:44:y:2010:i:4:p:443-454

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    Related research

    Keywords: Spatial externalities; Employment growth; Great Britain;

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    Cited by:
    1. Carolina Castaldi & Koen Frenken & Bart Los, 2013. "Related Variety, Unrelated Variety and Technological Breakthroughs: An analysis of U.S. state-level patenting," Papers in Evolutionary Economic Geography (PEEG) 1302, Utrecht University, Section of Economic Geography, revised Mar 2013.
    2. Stefano Elia & Lucia Piscitello & Sergio Mariotti, 2013. "Industrial Districts, Core Cities And Ownership Strategy Of Multinational Firms Investing In Italy," ERSA conference papers ersa13p27, European Regional Science Association.
    3. Giulio Cainelli & Donato Iacobucci, 2011. "Agglomeration, related variety and vertical integration," Openloc Working Papers 1104, Public policies and local development.
    4. Ron Boschma & Asier Minondo & Mikel Navarro, 2012. "The emergence of new industries at the regional level in Spain. A proximity approach based on product-relatedness," Papers in Evolutionary Economic Geography (PEEG) 1201, Utrecht University, Section of Economic Geography, revised Jan 2012.
    5. Frank Van Oort, 2013. "Agglomeration Economics Beyond the Specialisation-Diversity Controversy," Papers in Evolutionary Economic Geography (PEEG) 1313, Utrecht University, Section of Economic Geography, revised Aug 2013.
    6. Sofia Wixe & Martin Andersson, 2013. "Which Types of Relatedness Matter in Regional Growth? -industry, occupation and education," Papers in Evolutionary Economic Geography (PEEG) 1326, Utrecht University, Section of Economic Geography, revised Dec 2013.
    7. Frank Van Oort & Stefan de Geus & Teodora Dogaru, 2013. "Related Variety and Regional Economic Growth in a Cross-Section of European Urban Regions," Papers in Evolutionary Economic Geography (PEEG) 1312, Utrecht University, Section of Economic Geography, revised Aug 2013.
    8. Luca Andriani, 2013. "Is Acting Prosocially Beneficial for the Credit Market?," Management Working Papers 4, Birkbeck Department of Management, revised Jun 2013.
    9. Francesca Mameli & Simona Iammarino & Ron Boschma, 2012. "Regional variety and employment growth in Italian labour market areas: services versus manufacturing industries," Papers in Evolutionary Economic Geography (PEEG) 1203, Utrecht University, Section of Economic Geography, revised Feb 2012.

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