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Working or stay-at-home mum? The influence of family benefits and religiosity

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  • Ulrike Jäger

Abstract

It is a well-established fact that mothers' labour force participation reacts differently todifferent types of family benefits. It is also already well-known that cultural and religiousfactors have an impact on their labour force participation. But does the labour forcereaction to family benefits differ among more religious mothers? In this paper, I analysehow both factors – benefits and religiosity – interact when it comes to the decision concerninglabour force participation. Firstly, I present a theoretical model which predicts thatthis difference exists. Secondly, I test this prediction in a sample of pooled cross-sectiondata from 10 OECD countries using different measures to assess the extent of religiosity.There is evidence that religious mothers react less than non-religious mothers toincreases in family benefits. I also find important differences among various religiousaffiliations. These results imply that trends in religiosity should be considered whendesigning labour market policies.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich in its series Ifo Working Paper Series with number Ifo Working Paper Nr. 84.

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Date of creation: 2010
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Handle: RePEc:ces:ifowps:_84

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Keywords: Female labour force participation; public benefits; culture; family attitudes;

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References

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  1. Edward C. Norton & Hua Wang & Chunrong Ai, 2004. "Computing interaction effects and standard errors in logit and probit models," Stata Journal, StataCorp LP, StataCorp LP, vol. 4(2), pages 154-167, June.
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  3. Victor Hiller, 2008. "Gender Inequality, Endogenous Cultural Norms and Economic Development," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers), HAL halshs-00344793, HAL.
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  6. Holger Bonin & Rob Euwals, 2002. "Participation Behavior of East German Women after German Unification," 10th International Conference on Panel Data, Berlin, July 5-6, 2002, International Conferences on Panel Data D1-1, International Conferences on Panel Data.
  7. Victor Hiller, 2008. "Gender inequality, endogenous cultural norms and economic development," Documents de travail du Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1), Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne v08075, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1), Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne.
  8. Gronau, Reuben, 1973. "The Intrafamily Allocation of Time: The Value of the Housewives' Time," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 63(4), pages 634-51, September.
  9. Ai, Chunrong & Norton, Edward C., 2003. "Interaction terms in logit and probit models," Economics Letters, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 80(1), pages 123-129, July.
  10. A. Chevalier & T. K. Viitanen, 2002. "The causality between female labour force participation and the availability of childcare," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 9(14), pages 915-918.
  11. Florence Jaumotte, 2003. "Labour Force Participation of Women: Empirical Evidence on The Role of Policy and Other Determinants in OECD Countries," OECD Economic Studies, OECD Publishing, OECD Publishing, vol. 2003(2), pages 51-108.
  12. Jonah B. Gelbach, 2002. "Public Schooling for Young Children and Maternal Labor Supply," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 92(1), pages 307-322, March.
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Cited by:
  1. Pieters, Janneke & Klasen, Stephan, 2011. "Drivers of female labour force participation in urban India during India's Economic Boom," Proceedings of the German Development Economics Conference, Berlin 2011, Verein für Socialpolitik, Research Committee Development Economics 65, Verein für Socialpolitik, Research Committee Development Economics.

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