The Effects of Driving Restrictions on Air Quality and Driver Behavior
AbstractWe evaluate whether driving restrictions improve air quality.Â While Milan's restriction decreases overall air pollution, there is a significant behavioral response that attenuates the effect.Â Our study expoits the natural experiment created by an unanticipated court injunction suspending Milan's restriction.Â Drivers respond to the restriction with: 1) intertemporal substituion toward the unpriced period; 2) substitution toward exempt vehicles; and 3) spatial substitution toward unpriced roads.Â Importantly, the net effect on traffic varies with public transit availability.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Department of Economics, UC San Diego in its series University of California at San Diego, Economics Working Paper Series with number qt0v8813qm.
Date of creation: 01 Jul 2013
Date of revision:
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Social and Behavioral Sciences; spatial substitution; air pollution; air quality;
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2013-07-28 (All new papers)
- NEP-ENE-2013-07-28 (Energy Economics)
- NEP-ENV-2013-07-28 (Environmental Economics)
- NEP-RES-2013-07-28 (Resource Economics)
- NEP-TRE-2013-07-28 (Transport Economics)
- NEP-URE-2013-07-28 (Urban & Real Estate Economics)
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Nicholas J. Sanders, 2012.
"What Doesn’t Kill You Makes You Weaker: Prenatal Pollution Exposure and Educational Outcomes,"
Journal of Human Resources,
University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 47(3), pages 826-850.
- Nicholas J. Sanders, 2011. "What Doesn't Kill you Makes you Weaker: Prenatal Pollution Exposure and Educational Outcomes," Discussion Papers 10-019, Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research.
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