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The Political Economy of Environment-Development Relationships: A Preliminary Framework

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  • Deacon, Robert
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    Abstract

    A growing body of empirical research indicates that several types of pollution seem first to increase as per capita income increases and then to decline. The resulting inverted-U relationship between income and pollution has been christened the 'environmental Kuznets curve.' 1 Research on this topic has largely ignored the fact that pollution control is a public good, provided by government.2 Empirical models typically regress a measure of pollution on income, income squared, and other variables, but omit the form of government as a determinant. As a consequence, the profession can offer no credible insights on the kinds of political reforms that would foster environmental protection in the developing world or on the likely environmental effects of recent trends toward democratization.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Department of Economics, UC Santa Barbara in its series University of California at Santa Barbara, Economics Working Paper Series with number qt8h33b5c0.

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    Date of creation: 24 May 1999
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    Handle: RePEc:cdl:ucsbec:qt8h33b5c0

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    Keywords: The Political Economy; Environment-Development; Relationships; Preliminary; Framework;

    References

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    1. William Easterly & Sergio Rebelo, 1993. "Fiscal Policy and Economic Growth: An Empirical Investigation," NBER Working Papers 4499, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Panayotou T, 1993. "Empirical tests and policy analysis of environmental degradation at different stages of economic development," ILO Working Papers, International Labour Organization 292778, International Labour Organization.
    3. Cropper, Maureen & Griffiths, Charles, 1994. "The Interaction of Population Growth and Environmental Quality," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 84(2), pages 250-54, May.
    4. Hongyi Li & Lyn Squire & Tao Zhang & Heng-fu Zou, 1999. "A Data Set on Income Distribution," CEMA Working Papers, China Economics and Management Academy, Central University of Finance and Economics 575, China Economics and Management Academy, Central University of Finance and Economics.
    5. Barro, R.J., 1989. "Economic Growth In A Cross Section Of Countries," RCER Working Papers, University of Rochester - Center for Economic Research (RCER) 201, University of Rochester - Center for Economic Research (RCER).
    6. Holtz-Eakin, Douglas & Selden, Thomas M., 1995. "Stoking the fires? CO2 emissions and economic growth," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 57(1), pages 85-101, May.
    7. Stern, David I. & Common, Michael S. & Barbier, Edward B., 1996. "Economic growth and environmental degradation: The environmental Kuznets curve and sustainable development," World Development, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 24(7), pages 1151-1160, July.
    8. Klaus Deininger & Lyn Squire, 1996. "A New Data Set Measuring Income Inequality," CEMA Working Papers, China Economics and Management Academy, Central University of Finance and Economics 512, China Economics and Management Academy, Central University of Finance and Economics.
    9. Martin C. McGuire & Mancur Olson Jr., 1996. "The Economics of Autocracy and Majority Rule: The Invisible Hand and the Use of Force," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 34(1), pages 72-96, March.
    10. Selden Thomas M. & Song Daqing, 1994. "Environmental Quality and Development: Is There a Kuznets Curve for Air Pollution Emissions?," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 27(2), pages 147-162, September.
    11. Gene M. Grossman & Alan B. Krueger, 1994. "Economic Growth and the Environment," NBER Working Papers 4634, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    12. Lopez Ramon, 1994. "The Environment as a Factor of Production: The Effects of Economic Growth and Trade Liberalization," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 27(2), pages 163-184, September.
    13. Shafik, Nemat & Bandyopadhyay, Sushenjit, 1992. "Economic growth and environmental quality : time series and cross-country evidence," Policy Research Working Paper Series, The World Bank 904, The World Bank.
    14. Beckerman, Wilfred, 1992. "Economic growth and the environment: Whose growth? whose environment?," World Development, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 20(4), pages 481-496, April.
    15. Hilton, F. G. Hank & Levinson, Arik, 1998. "Factoring the Environmental Kuznets Curve: Evidence from Automotive Lead Emissions," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 35(2), pages 126-141, March.
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    Cited by:
    1. Kinda, Somlanare Romuald, 2011. "Democratic Institutions and Environmental Quality: Effects and Transmission Channels," Proceedings of the German Development Economics Conference, Berlin 2011, Verein für Socialpolitik, Research Committee Development Economics 46, Verein für Socialpolitik, Research Committee Development Economics.
    2. Per Fredriksson & Eric Neumayer & Gergely Ujhelyi, 2007. "Kyoto Protocol cooperation: Does government corruption facilitate environmental lobbying?," Public Choice, Springer, Springer, vol. 133(1), pages 231-251, October.
    3. Bernauer, Thomas & Koubi, Vally, 2009. "Effects of political institutions on air quality," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 68(5), pages 1355-1365, March.
    4. Carlsson, Fredrik & Lundström, Susanna, 2000. "The Effects of Economic and Political Freedom on CO2 Emissions," Working Papers in Economics, University of Gothenburg, Department of Economics 29, University of Gothenburg, Department of Economics, revised 21 Aug 2001.
    5. Halkos, George E. & Tzeremes, Nickolaos G., 2013. "Carbon dioxide emissions and governance: A nonparametric analysis for the G-20," Energy Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 40(C), pages 110-118.
    6. Dutta, Dilip & Ghosh, Paritosh Chandra, 2003. "Re-examining Economic Growth-Environment Relationship: Evidence from High-, Medium- And Low-Income Countries," Working Papers, University of Sydney, School of Economics 3, University of Sydney, School of Economics.
    7. McAusland, Carol, 2008. "Trade, politics, and the environment: Tailpipe vs. smokestack," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 55(1), pages 52-71, January.
    8. Kristrom, Bengt & Lundgren, Tommy, 2005. "Swedish CO2-emissions 1900-2010: an exploratory note," Energy Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 33(9), pages 1223-1230, June.
    9. René W. Aubourg & David H. Good & Kerry Krutilla, 2008. "Debt, democratization, and development in Latin America: How policy can affect global warming," Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 27(1), pages 7-19.
    10. Dutta, Dilip & Ghosh, Paritosh Chandra, 2003. "A Structural Analysis of Economic Growth-Environment Relationship under Economic Openness," Working Papers, University of Sydney, School of Economics 4, University of Sydney, School of Economics.

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