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CommunityOrganizedHouseholdWaterIncreasesNot Only Rural incomes, but AlsoMen’sWork

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  • Corw, Ben
  • Swallow, Brent
  • Asamba, Isabella

Abstract

This paper explores community-organized, household water supply in seven communities in western Kenya. We compare water use, labor use, income and the conditions for collective action in three sets of communities: two have protected springs and piped homestead connections; two have protected springs but no homestead connection; and three draw potentially contaminated water from unprotected springs. We ï¬nd that piped water reduces the work of women and girls, and facilitates home garden and livestock production. Together these changes lead to increased household incomes. Women recognize clear time-beneï¬ts. Men, however, experience extra work. No overall pattern emerges regarding the preconditions for collective action.Â

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Center for Global, International and Regional Studies, UC Santa Cruz in its series Center for Global, International and Regional Studies, Working Paper Series with number qt0915j5fd.

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Date of creation: 01 Mar 2012
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Handle: RePEc:cdl:glinre:qt0915j5fd

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Related research

Keywords: Arts and Humanities; Social and Behavioral Sciences; gender; collective action; water management; impact assessment; Lake VIctoria; kenya;

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  1. Lauren Pandolfelli & Ruth Meinzen-Dick & Stephan Dohrn, 2008. "Gender and collective action: motivations, effectiveness and impact," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 20(1), pages 1-11.
  2. Dale Whittington & Jennifer Davis & Linda Prokopy & Kristin Komives & Richard Thorsten & Heather Lukacs & Alexander Bakalian & Wendy Wakeman, 2008. "How well is the demand-driven, community management model for rural water supply systems doing? Evidence from Bolivia, Peru, and Ghana," Brooks World Poverty Institute Working Paper Series 2208, BWPI, The University of Manchester.
  3. Swallow, Brent, 2005. "Potential for Poverty Reduction Strategies to Address Community Priorities: Case Study of Kenya," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 33(2), pages 301-321, February.
  4. Elizabeth Were & Jessica Roy & Brent Swallow, 2008. "Local organisation and gender in water management: a case study from the Kenya Highlands," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 20(1), pages 69-81.
  5. Michael Kremer & Jessica Leino & Edward Miguel & Alix Peterson Zwane, 2009. "Spring Cleaning: Rural Water Impacts, Valuation and Property Rights Institutions," NBER Working Papers 15280, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. Were, E. & Swallow, B. & Roy, J., 2005. "Water, women and local social organization in the Western Kenya highlands," Conference Papers h042984, International Water Management Institute.
  7. Sang, J. & Swallow, B. & Nyabenge, M. & Bondotich, D. & Yatich, T. & Duraiappah, A. & Yashiro, M., 2008. "Tradeoffs among ecosystem services in the Lake Victoria Basin," Working Papers b15658, World Agroforestry Centre, Library Department.
  8. Blackden, Mark & Wodon, Quentin, 2006. "Gender, Time Use, and Poverty: Introduction," MPRA Paper 11080, University Library of Munich, Germany.
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