Climbing the water ladder: multiple-use water services for poverty reduction
AbstractIn low- and middle-income countries, people need water for drinking, personal hygiene and other domestic use. But they also use it for livestock, horticulture, irrigation, fisheries, brickmaking, and other small-scale enterprises. Multiple-use water services (MUS) are best suited to meeting peopleٳ needs. However, most water services are designed only for domestic water or only for agriculture, and fail to reflect its real-life use. The action research project ؍odels for implementing multiple-use water supply systems for enhanced land and water productivity, rural livelihoods and gender equity٠developed case studies in eight countries (Bolivia, Colombia, Ethiopia, India, Nepal, South Africa, Thailand and Zimbabwe) involving 150 institutions. The project analysed two models: homestead-scale and community-scale MUS and developed a حultiple-use water ladder' to show how better livelihoods flow from increased access to water. This book shows how livelihoods act as the main driver for water services and how access to water is determined by sustainable water resources, appropriate technologies and equitable ways of managing communal systems. Climbing the water ladder requires a small fraction of total water resources, yet has the potential to help people climb out of poverty. Local government can be the pivot to make this happen. But, it needs support to implement its mandate to meet multiple-use demand and to become more accountable to people in communities.
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Bibliographic InfoThis book is provided by International Water Management Institute in its series IWMI Books with number 137955 and published in 2009.
Multiple use; Models; Water productivity; Research projects; Water supply; Domestic water; Irrigation water; Water governance; Poverty; Gender; Rural areas; Wells; Water harvesting; Runoff; Water storage; Water purification; Appropriate technology; Costs; Local government; Non governmental organizations; Case studies; Public Economics; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy;
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