Short on Shots: Are Calls on Cooperative Restraint Effective in Managing the Scarcity of Flu Vaccines?
AbstractWe conducted a randomized experiment at the time of the 2004 flu vaccine shortage, providing information about the sharply reduced number of clinics and their schedule, and an appeal on cooperative restraint to a campus population. This strategy was intended to reduce demand for vaccination among non-priority individuals and to free available supplies for the priority population. It failed to achieve its purpose. Information induced a net increase in vaccines distributed and, perversely, the net increase originated entirely in non-priority individuals. The surprising finding is that calls on cooperative restraint induced an uncalled for positive response among priority individuals, while they induced an increase in cheating among non-priority individuals. Age as a qualifying factor was in particular widely abused, with the number of â€œ65 years oldâ€ more than twice the predicted value, while about half of the predicted 61-64 years old are missing.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Department of Agricultural & Resource Economics, UC Berkeley in its series Department of Agricultural & Resource Economics, UC Berkeley, Working Paper Series with number qt8h7125w3.
Date of creation: 17 Jul 2008
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Randomized experiment; shortage; self-restraint; cheating.; Medicine and Health Sciences; Social and Behavioral Sciences;
Other versions of this item:
- de Janvry, Alain & Sadoulet, Elisabeth & Villas-Boas, Sofia B, 2007. "Short on shots : Are Calls on Cooperative Restraint Effective in Managing the Scarcity of Flu Vaccines?," CUDARE Working Paper Series 1013R3, University of California at Berkeley, Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics and Policy, revised 2008.
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