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Paternity Deferments and the Timing of Births: U.S. Natality During the Vietnam War

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Abstract

During the conflict in Vietnam, married men with dependents could obtain a deferment from the draft. In 1965, following President Johnson's Executive Order 11241 and a subsequent Selective Service System announcement, the particulars of this policy changed substantially in a way which provided strong incentives for childless American couples to conceive a first-born child. This study examines the effects of the intervention on the decision to start a family. In my empirical analysis, I extract data from the Vital Statistics for the period 1963-1968 and employ a difference-in-differences methodology. The estimated magnitude of the effect is substantial.

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File URL: http://www.econ.canterbury.ac.nz/RePEc/cbt/econwp/0610.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University of Canterbury, Department of Economics and Finance in its series Working Papers in Economics with number 06/10.

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Length: 36 pages
Date of creation: 04 Apr 2006
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:cbt:econwp:06/10

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Keywords: Timing of Births; Draft; Vietnam War;

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  1. Make babies, not war
    by rené böheim in Econ Tidbits on 2012-09-10 14:08:00
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Cited by:
  1. Timothy Page, 2011. "Labor supply responses to government subsidized health insurance: evidence from kidney transplant patients," International Journal of Health Care Finance and Economics, Springer, vol. 11(2), pages 133-144, June.

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