Paternity Deferments and the Timing of Births: U.S. Natality During the Vietnam War
AbstractDuring the conflict in Vietnam, married men with dependents could obtain a deferment from the draft. In 1965, following President Johnson's Executive Order 11241 and a subsequent Selective Service System announcement, the particulars of this policy changed substantially in a way which provided strong incentives for childless American couples to conceive a first-born child. This study examines the effects of the intervention on the decision to start a family. In my empirical analysis, I extract data from the Vital Statistics for the period 1963-1968 and employ a difference-in-differences methodology. The estimated magnitude of the effect is substantial.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University of Canterbury, Department of Economics and Finance in its series Working Papers in Economics with number 06/10.
Length: 36 pages
Date of creation: 04 Apr 2006
Date of revision:
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Timing of Births; Draft; Vietnam War;
Other versions of this item:
- Andrea Kutinova, 2009. "Paternity Deferments And The Timing Of Births: U.S. Natality During The Vietnam War," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 47(2), pages 351-365, 04.
- J18 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Public Policy
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2006-11-04 (All new papers)
- NEP-HIS-2006-11-04 (Business, Economic & Financial History)
- NEP-SEA-2006-11-04 (South East Asia)
- NEP-TRA-2006-11-04 (Transition Economics)
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- Timothy Page, 2011. "Labor supply responses to government subsidized health insurance: evidence from kidney transplant patients," International Journal of Health Care Finance and Economics, Springer, vol. 11(2), pages 133-144, June.
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