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Multiple Social Interaction and Reproductive Externalities: An Investigation of Fertility Behaviour in Kenya

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  • Iyer, S.
  • Weeks, M.

Abstract

This paper examines the impact of reproductive externalities on fertility behaviour in Kenya by quantifying the effects of group membership on the number of children born. We focus on the identification of structural forms of social interaction operating across individuals in the context of fertility behaviour. While structural forms of dependence may be separated from residual dependence, we also highlight the importance of difference expressions of structural dependence, including multiple expressions of social interaction. Using this idea of multiple social interactions, we use the 1998 Demographic and Health Survey on 5994 women from Kenya to examine whether the ‘local’ effect of household-level influences and cluster-level residential settlement is important relative to the more ‘global’ effect of ethnicity on fertility behaviour. In so doing, we conclude that the importance of multiple social interactions is that the assumption of a single model of interaction can lead to incorrect inferences.

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File URL: http://www.econ.cam.ac.uk/research/repec/cam/pdf/cwpe0461.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge in its series Cambridge Working Papers in Economics with number 0461.

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Length: 59
Date of creation: Nov 2004
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:cam:camdae:0461

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Keywords: fertility behaviour; strategic complementarities; social interaction; endogenous effects; ethnicity; Kenya;

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  1. Bernheim, B Douglas, 1994. "A Theory of Conformity," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 102(5), pages 841-77, October.
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  7. Aggarwal, Rimjhim & Netanyahu, Sinaia & Romano, Claudia, 2001. "Access to natural resources and the fertility decision of women: the case of South Africa," Environment and Development Economics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 6(02), pages 209-236, May.
  8. Horst, Ulrich & Scheinkman, Jose A., 2006. "Equilibria in systems of social interactions," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 130(1), pages 44-77, September.
  9. Karsten Hank, 2001. "Regional social contexts and individual fertility decisions: a multilevel analysis of first and second births in Western Germany," MPIDR Working Papers WP-2001-015, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany.
  10. repec:att:wimass:9127 is not listed on IDEAS
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  17. William A. Brock & Steven N. Durlauf, 2003. "Multinomial Choice with Social Interactions," NBER Technical Working Papers 0288, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  18. Charles F. Manski & Joram Mayshar, 2002. "Private and Social Incentives for Fertility: Israeli Puzzles," NBER Working Papers 8984, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  19. Timothy W Guinnane & Carolyn Moehling & Cormac Ó Gráda, 2001. "Fertility in South Dublin a Century ago - A First Look," Working Papers, School Of Economics, University College Dublin 200126, School Of Economics, University College Dublin.
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Cited by:
  1. Ethan Cohen-Cole, 2005. "Resolving the Identification Problem in Linear Social Interactions Models: Modeling with Between-Group Spillovers," Others, EconWPA 0501001, EconWPA.
  2. Ethan Cohen-Cole & Giulio Zanella, 2008. "Unpacking Social Interactions," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 46(1), pages 19-24, 01.
  3. Ethan Cohen-Cole & Giulio Zanella, 2008. "Welfare Stigma or Information Sharing? Decomposing Social Interactions Effects in Social Benefit Use," Department of Economics University of Siena, Department of Economics, University of Siena 531, Department of Economics, University of Siena.

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