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Cambios en la Estructura Salarial:Una Historia desde la Regresión Cuantílica

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  • Héctor Manuel Zárate S.

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Abstract

El objetivo principal de éste artículo es analizar el cambio en los retornos de la educación y la experiencia en diferentes puntos de la distribución salarial a través de una aplicación empírica en el mercado laboral colombiano. También, se analiza la evolución de la desigualdad salarial y sus características distribucionales para el período de 1991 a 2000. El artículo se basa en la ecuación de Mincer y utiliza la técnica semi-paramétrica de regresión cuantílica. Los datos se obtienen de las Encuestas Nacionales de Hogares. Aunque los retornos tienen patrones de comportamiento similares, las magnitudes y la variabilidad difieren entre los cuantiles analizados. La desigualdad salarial se incrementó en el final del periodo de estudio de acuerdo a las habilidades de cada grupo.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Banco de la Republica de Colombia in its series Borradores de Economia with number 245.

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Handle: RePEc:bdr:borrec:245

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  1. Roger Koenker & Kevin F. Hallock, 2001. "Quantile Regression," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 15(4), pages 143-156, Fall.
  2. Powell, James L., 1984. "Least absolute deviations estimation for the censored regression model," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 25(3), pages 303-325, July.
  3. Andrew Weiss, 1995. "Human Capital vs. Signalling Explanations of Wages," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 9(4), pages 133-154, Fall.
  4. Buchinsky, Moshe, 1995. "Quantile regression, Box-Cox transformation model, and the U.S. wage structure, 1963-1987," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 65(1), pages 109-154, January.
  5. Deaton, Angus S & Ruiz-Castillo, Javier & Thomas, Duncan, 1989. "The Influence of Household Composition on Household Expenditure Patterns: Theory and Spanish Evidence," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 97(1), pages 179-200, February.
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Cited by:
  1. Guataqui, Juan Carlos & García Suaza, Andrés Felipe & Rodríguez, Mauricio, 2009. "Estimaciones de los determinantes de los ingresos laborales en Colombia con consideraciones diferenciales para asalariados y cuenta propia," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO 005756, UNIVERSIDAD DEL ROSARIO.

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