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Determinantes de la eficiencia técnica en las empresas colombianas, 2001-2004

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Author Info

  • Jorge David Quinteo Otero

    ()

  • William Orlando Prieto Bustos

    ()

  • Fernando Barrios Aguirre

    ()

  • Laura Elena Leviller Guardo

    ()

Abstract

El objetivo del artículo es estimar los determinantes de la eficiencia técnica para una muestra de 1.971 empresas en Colombia, en el período 2001-2004. La metodología se divide en dos etapas, en la primera se estima, por sector, un índice de eficiencia técnica utilizando un modelo de frontera estocástica. En la segunda etapa, se ajusta un modelo económico sobre los determinantes de la eficiencia técnica, utilizando cinco diferentes especificaciones econométricas; Mínimos Cuadrados Ordinarios (MCO), Modelo Tobit (MT), Regresión Robusta (RR), Regresión Cuartilica (RC) y un Estimador de las Desviaciones Absolutas Censuradas (EDAC). El principal resultado de la investigación establece que las variables: gasto en investigación y desarrollo, tamaño de activos y rentabilidad son las principales determinantes de la variación del índice de eficiencia técnica.

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File URL: http://www.udem.edu.co/NR/rdonlyres/5AB82DB7-588A-46C3-8230-550F3E1E0FA8/0/5DeterminantesEficienciaTecnicaenEmpresasColombianas.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by UNIVERSIDAD DE MEDELLÍN in its journal REVISTA SEMESTRE ECONÓMICO.

Volume (Year): (2008)
Issue (Month): ()
Pages:

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Handle: RePEc:col:000217:005648

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Keywords: Sector industrial; eficiencia técnica; eficiencia industrial; factores de producción; Colombia;

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References

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  1. Dairo Estrada & Poldy Osorio, . "Effects of Financial Capital on Colombian Banking Efficiency," Borradores de Economia 291, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  2. Rodrigo Suescún M. & Martha Misas, . "Cambio Tecnológico, Ineficiencia de Escala e Ineficiencia X en la Banca Colombiana," Borradores de Economia 059, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  3. Peter Dawson & Stephen Dobson, 2002. "Managerial efficiency and human capital: an application to English association football," Managerial and Decision Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 23(8), pages 471-486.
  4. Alberto Isgut, 1996. "Inversión Y Eficiencia Técnica En La Industria Manufacturera Colombiana," ENSAYOS SOBRE POLÍTICA ECONÓMICA, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ESPE.
  5. Arabmazar, Abbas & Schmidt, Peter, 1982. "An Investigation of the Robustness of the Tobit Estimator to Non-Normality," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 50(4), pages 1055-63, July.
  6. Alejandra Mizala & Pilar Romaguera & Darío Farren, 1998. "Eficiencia técnica de los establecimientos educacionales en Chile," Documentos de Trabajo 38, Centro de Economía Aplicada, Universidad de Chile.
  7. Rien J. L. M. Wagenvoort & Paul H. Schure, 2006. "A Recursive Thick Frontier Approach to Estimating Production Efficiency," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 68(2), pages 183-201, 04.
  8. Ligia Melo B. & Néstor Espinosa, 2004. "Ineficiencia En La Distribución De Energía Eléctrica: Una Aplicación De Las Funciones De Distancia Estocástica," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 002843, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
  9. Powell, James L., 1984. "Least absolute deviations estimation for the censored regression model," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 25(3), pages 303-325, July.
  10. Alejandro BADEL FLOREZ, 2002. "Sistema Bancario Colombiano: ¿Somos eficientes a nivel internacional?," ARCHIVOS DE ECONOMÍA 003500, DEPARTAMENTO NACIONAL DE PLANEACIÓN.
  11. Laporte, Audrey & Windmeijer, Frank, 2005. "Estimation of panel data models with binary indicators when treatment effects are not constant over time," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 88(3), pages 389-396, September.
  12. Yang, Taho & Kuo, Chunwei, 2003. "A hierarchical AHP/DEA methodology for the facilities layout design problem," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 147(1), pages 128-136, May.
  13. Koenker,Roger, 2005. "Quantile Regression," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521608275, October.
  14. Moshe Buchinsky & Jinyong Hahn, 1998. "An Alternative Estimator for the Censored Quantile Regression Model," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 66(3), pages 653-672, May.
  15. Green, Alison & Mayes, David, 1991. "Technical Inefficiency in Manufacturing Industries," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 101(406), pages 523-38, May.
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