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The Sheepskin Effects Evolution From 1982 To 2002 In Brazil: The Roles Of Labor Supply And Demand Changes

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  • Anna Crespo
  • Maurício Cortez
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    Abstract

    This paper seeks to analyze the evolution of the sheepskin effect on the Brazilian labor Market form 1982 and 2002. Since the structure of the Brazilian economy changed substantially during this period - as the supply of more educated workers increased and the technological progress required the demand of more skilled workers - it is expected to observe some changes on the sheepskin effect over time. This paper explores the differences in the economic structure between the Southeast and Northeast regions in Brazil and the fact that changes in the education level had been similar for both level of education of worker increased in order to analyze how changes on the labor demand and supply influenced the sheepskin effect. The results show that despite the reduction of this effect over time, changes were smaller for the higher level degrees. The same happens for the Southeast in comparison with the Northeast, as the first region is characterized by higher economic development, and probably with a higher demand for skilled workers.

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    Paper provided by ANPEC - Associação Nacional dos Centros de Pósgraduação em Economia [Brazilian Association of Graduate Programs in Economics] in its series Anais do XXXIII Encontro Nacional de Economia [Proceedings of the 33th Brazilian Economics Meeting] with number 167.

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    Date of creation: 2005
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    Handle: RePEc:anp:en2005:167

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    1. Belman, Dale & Heywood, John S, 1991. "Sheepskin Effects in the Returns to Education: An Examination on Women and Minorities," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 73(4), pages 720-24, November.
    2. Norbert R. Schady, 2003. "Convexity and Sheepskin Effects in the Human Capital Earnings Function: Recent Evidence for Filipino Men," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 65(2), pages 171-196, 05.
    3. Lam, David & Schoeni, Robert F, 1993. "Effects of Family Background on Earnings and Returns to Schooling: Evidence from Brazil," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 101(4), pages 710-40, August.
    4. Park, Jin Heum, 1999. "Estimation of sheepskin effects using the old and the new measures of educational attainment in the Current Population Survey," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 62(2), pages 237-240, February.
    5. David Autor & Frank Levy & Richard Murnane, 2003. "The skill content of recent technological change: an empirical exploration," Proceedings, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, issue Nov.
    6. Hungerford, Thomas & Solon, Gary, 1987. "Sheepskin Effects in the Returns to Education," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 69(1), pages 175-77, February.
    7. Jaeger, David A & Page, Marianne E, 1996. "Degrees Matter: New Evidence on Sheepskin Effects in the Returns to Education," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 78(4), pages 733-40, November.
    8. Ana M. Ferrer & W. Craig Riddell, 2002. "The role of credentials in the Canadian labour market," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 35(4), pages 879-905, November.
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