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Distortions to Agricultural Incentives in Australia and New Zealand

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  • Anderson, Kym
  • Lattimore, Ralph G.
  • Lloyd, Peter J.
  • MacLaren, Donald

Abstract

In 1990, Australia and New Zealand were ranked around 25th and 35th in terms of GNP per capita, having been the highest-income countries in the world one hundred years earlier. The poor performance over that long period contrasts markedly with that of the past 15 years, when these two economies out-performed most other high-income countries. This difference in growth performance is due to major economic policy reforms during the past two to three decades. We provide new evidence on the extent of governmental distortions to agricultural incentives in particular in the two economies since the late 1940s, both directly and indirectly (and negatively) via manufacturing protection.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by World Bank in its series Agricultural Distortions Working Paper with number 48387.

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Date of creation: Sep 2008
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Handle: RePEc:ags:wbadwp:48387

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Web page: http://www.worldbank.org
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Related research

Keywords: Distorted incentives; agricultural and trade policy reforms; national agricultural development; Agricultural and Food Policy; International Relations/Trade; F13; F14; Q17; Q18;

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References

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  1. Ian W. McLean, 2005. "Why Was Australia So Rich?," School of Economics Working Papers 2005-11, University of Adelaide, School of Economics.
  2. S.F. Harris, 1964. "Some Measures Of Levels Of Protection In Australia'S Rural Industries," Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society, vol. 8(2), pages 124-144, December.
  3. J Anderson & J.P. Neary, 1994. "Measuring the Restrictiveness of Trade Policy," CEP Discussion Papers dp0186, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
  4. Productivity Commission, 2005. "Trends in Australian Agriculture," Research Papers 0502, Productivity Commission, Government of Australia.
  5. William J. Martin, 1990. "Public Choice Theory And Australian Agricultural Policy Reform," Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society, vol. 34(3), pages 189-211, December.
  6. Anderson, Kym & Martin, Will & van der Mensbrugghe, Dominique, 2005. "Distortions to world trade: impacts on agricultural markets and farm incomes," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3736, The World Bank.
  7. Anderson, Kym, 1978. "On Why Rates Of Assistance Differ Between Australia'S Rural Industries," Australian Journal of Agricultural Economics, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society, vol. 22(02-03).
  8. Anderson, Kym & Lloyd, Peter & MacLaren, Donald, 2008. "Distortions to agricultural incentives in Australia since world war II," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4471, The World Bank.
  9. Honma, Masayoshi & Hayami, Yujiro, 2007. "Distortions to Agricultural Incentives in Korea and Taiwan," Agricultural Distortions Working Paper 48479, World Bank.
  10. Anderson, Kym & Lattimore, Ralph G. & Lloyd, Peter J. & MacLaren, Donald, 2007. "Distortions to Agricultural Incentives in Australia and New Zealand," 2007 Conference (51st), February 13-16, 2007, Queenstown, New Zealand 10407, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society.
  11. Ben Dolman & Dean Parham & Simon Zheng, 2007. "Can Australia Match US Productivity Performance?," Staff Working Papers 0703, Productivity Commission, Government of Australia.
  12. Harris, S.F., 1964. "Some Measures Of Levels Of Protection In Australia'S Rural Industries," Australian Journal of Agricultural Economics, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society, vol. 8(02), December.
  13. Anderson, Kym, 1993. "Lobbying Incentives and the Pattern of Protection in Rich and Poor Countries," CEPR Discussion Papers 789, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  14. Edwards, Geoff W, 1987. "Agricultural Policy Debate: A Survey," The Economic Record, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 63(181), pages 129-43, June.
  15. Anderson, Kym & James, Sarah, 1998. "On the Need for More Economic Assessment of Quarantine/SPS Policies," CEPR Discussion Papers 1934, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  16. Anderson, Kym, 1980. "The Political Market for Government Assistance to Australian Manufacturing Industries," The Economic Record, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 56(153), pages 132-44, June.
  17. Marc J. Melitz, 2003. "The Impact of Trade on Intra-Industry Reallocations and Aggregate Industry Productivity," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 71(6), pages 1695-1725, November.
  18. Glau, T.E., 1971. "The Cost-Price Squeeze On Australian Farm Income," Australian Journal of Agricultural Economics, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society, vol. 15(01), April.
  19. Kym Anderson, 2002. "International trade and industry policies," Centre for International Economic Studies Working Papers 2002-16, University of Adelaide, Centre for International Economic Studies.
  20. Harris, David N. & Rae, Allan N., 2004. "Agricultural Policy Reform and Industry Adjustment in Australia and New Zealand," IAPRAP\IATRC Summer Symposium, Adjusting to Domestic and International Agricultural Reform in Industrial Countries, June 6-7, 2004, Philadelphia, PA 15762, International Agricultural Policy Reform and Adjustment Project (IAPRAP).
  21. Stähler, Frank & Raff, Horst & Long, Ngo Van, 2007. "The Effects of Trade Liberalization on Productivity and Welfare: The Role of Firm Heterogeneity, R&D and Market Structure," Economics Working Papers 2007,20, Christian-Albrechts-University of Kiel, Department of Economics.
  22. D. MacLaren, 1992. "The Political Economy Of Agricultural Policy Reform In The European Community And Australia," Journal of Agricultural Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 43(3), pages 424-439.
  23. John G. Crawford., 1935. "Tariff Level Indices," The Economic Record, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 10(1), pages 213-221, 06.
  24. McKay, D.H., 1967. "The Small-Farm Problem In Australia," Australian Journal of Agricultural Economics, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society, vol. 11(02), December.
  25. Snape, R H, 1984. "Australia's Relations with GATT," The Economic Record, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 60(168), pages 16-27, March.
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