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Broiler Farms' Organization, Management, and Performance


Author Info

  • Perry, Janet E.
  • Banker, David E.
  • Green, Robert C.


This study provides a comprehensive view of the organization, management, and financial performance of U.S. broiler farms. Using data from USDA's Agricultural Resource Management Study (ARMS, formerly known as the Farm Costs and Returns Survey), we examine farm size, financial structure, household income, management practices, and spousal participation in decision-making. We compare broiler operations with other farming enterprises and their earnings with that of the average U.S. household. Because most of the 7 billion broilers produced in the United States in 1995 were raised under contract, we also explore the use of contracts and the effects of contracting on the broiler sector.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service in its series Agricultural Information Bulletins with number 33739.

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Date of creation: 1999
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ags:uersab:33739

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Related research

Keywords: contracting; broilers; poultry; farm characteristics; farm income; farm operator characteristics; risk management strategies; Livestock Production/Industries;


References listed on IDEAS
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  1. Paul, Allen B., 1974. "The Role of Competitive Market Institutions," Agricultural Economics Research, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, issue 2.
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Cited by:
  1. Zahniser, Steven & Hoppe, Robert A. & Johnson, James D. & Banker, David E., 2002. "Structural Change In An Era Of Increased Openness: A Background Paper On The Structure Of U.S. Agriculture," Structural Change as a Source of Trade Disputes Under NAFTA; Proceedings of the 7th Agricultural and Food Policy Systems Information Workshop - 2001 16872, Farm Foundation, Agricultural and Food Policy Systems Information Workshops.
  2. Elanor Starmer, Aimee Witteman and Timothy A. Wise, . "06-03 "Feeding the Factory Farm: Implicit Subsidies to the Broiler Chicken Industry"," GDAE Working Papers 06-03, GDAE, Tufts University.
  3. Sureshwaran, Suresh & House, Lisa & Hanks, Gwen & Little, Randall D., 2001. "Carolina Golden Products," Journal of Food Distribution Research, Food Distribution Research Society, vol. 32(02), July.
  4. Wang, Yanguo & Jaenicke, Edward C., 2004. "Static And Dynamic Efficiency Of Pooled Broiler Contracts: Relative-Performance Contracts Vs. Fixed-Performance Contracts," 2004 Annual meeting, August 1-4, Denver, CO 20406, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
  5. Young, Linda M. & Hobbs, Jill E., 2000. "Public Policy Responses To Increased Vertical Linkages In Agri-Food Supply Chains," Trade Research Center Research Discussion Papers 29237, Montana State University, Department of Agricultural Economics and Economics.
  6. Hegde, S. Aaron & Vukina, Tomislav, 2003. "Risk Sharing in Broiler Contracts: A Welfare Comparison of Payment Mechanisms," 2003 Annual meeting, July 27-30, Montreal, Canada 22171, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
  7. Ahearn, Mary Clare & Korb, Penelope J. & Banker, David E., 2005. "Industrialization and Contracting in U.S. Agriculture," Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics, Southern Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 37(02), August.
  8. Dimitri, Carolyn & Jaenicke, Edward C., 2001. "Cash Market Or Contract? How Technology And Consumer Demand Influence The Decision," 2001 Annual meeting, August 5-8, Chicago, IL 20723, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
  9. Poray, Michael C. & Gray, Allan W. & Boehlje, Michael & Preckel, Paul V., 2003. "Evaluation of Alternative Coordination Systems Between Producers and Packers in the Pork Value Chain," International Food and Agribusiness Management Review, International Food and Agribusiness Management Association (IAMA), vol. 6(02).
  10. Hueth, Brent & Ligon, Ethan & Dimitri, Carolyn, 2007. "AJAE Appendix: Agricultural Contracts: Data and Research Needs," American Journal of Agricultural Economics Appendices, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 89(5), December.


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