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What Are EU Trade Preferences Worth for Sub-Saharan Africa and Other Developing Countries?

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  • Candau, Fabien
  • Jean, Sebastien

Abstract

This study shows that EU preferences to developing countries were fairly well utilised in 2001, especially in sub-Saharan Africa. For several sub-Saharan African countries, the value of EU tariff preferences, even without accounting for tariff rate quota rents, is worth a significant proportion of their world exports. For non-African Least Developed Countries, in contrast, we find that the EBA initiative was only half-utilised approximately, although it is the only preferential regime available to most of them. It is difficult to reach a firm conclusion since 2001 was the first year of enforcement of Everything But Arms (EBA), and figures for 2002 show utilisation is on the rise, but rules of origin appear to limit significantly the value of this scheme. This also likely explains why the Generalised System of Preferences (GSP) scheme is significantly under-utilised in the manufacturing sector, even when the receiving country is not eligible to any other preferential regime.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by TRADEAG - Agricultural Trade Agreements in its series Working Papers with number 18863.

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Date of creation: 2005
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Handle: RePEc:ags:tragwp:18863

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Web page: http://tradeag.vitamib.com/

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Keywords: International Relations/Trade;

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Cited by:
  1. Anania, Giovanni, 2007. "Multilateral Negotiations, Preferential Trade Agreements and the CAP. What's Ahead?," Working Papers, TRADEAG - Agricultural Trade Agreements 7283, TRADEAG - Agricultural Trade Agreements.
  2. Valentina Raimondi & Margherita Scoppola & Alessandro Olper, 2012. "Preference erosion and the developing countries exports to the EU: a dynamic panel gravity approach," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, Springer, vol. 148(4), pages 707-732, December.
  3. Bou�t, Antoine, 2006. "What can the poor expect from trade liberalization?: opening the "black box" of trade modeling," MTID discussion papers 93, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  4. Antimiani, Alessandro & Conforti, Piero & Salvatici, Luca, 2007. "Assessing Market Access: Do Developing Countries Really Get a Preferential Treatment?," Economics & Statistics Discussion Papers esdp07036, University of Molise, Dept. EGSeI.
  5. Berisha-Krasniqi, Valdete & Bouet, Antoine & Mevel, Simon, 2008. "Economic partnership agreements between the European Union and African, Caribbean, and Pacific Countries: What is at stake for Senegal," IFPRI discussion papers 765, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  6. Anania, Giovanni, 2010. "EU Economic Partnership Agreements and WTO negotiations. A quantitative assessment of trade preference granting and erosion in the banana market," Food Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 35(2), pages 140-153, April.
  7. Cipollina, Maria & Salvatici, Luca, 2007. "EU and developing countries: an analysis of preferential margins on agricultural trade flows," Working Papers, TRADEAG - Agricultural Trade Agreements 7219, TRADEAG - Agricultural Trade Agreements.
  8. Aiello, Francesco & Demaria, Federica, 2009. "Do trade preferential agreements enhance the exports of developing countries? Evidence from the EU GSP," MPRA Paper 20093, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  9. Jacques Gallezot & Vincent Aussilloux, 2008. "Collected customs duties: the level of taxation on imports applied by the US and the EU," Working Papers 24258, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, France.
  10. Muhammad, Andrew & Ngeleza, Guyslain K., 2009. "European Union preferential trade agreements with developing countries and their impact on Colombian and Kenyan carnation exports to the United Kingdom:," IFPRI discussion papers 862, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  11. Elisa Gamberoni, 2007. "Do unilateral trade preferences help export diversification? An investigation of the impact of European unilateral trade preferences on the extensive and intensive margin of trade," IHEID Working Papers, Economics Section, The Graduate Institute of International Studies 17-2007, Economics Section, The Graduate Institute of International Studies.
  12. Giovanni Anania, 2007. "Multilateral trade negotiations, preferential trade agreements and European Union’s agricultural policies," QA - Rivista dell'Associazione Rossi-Doria, Associazione Rossi Doria, issue 3, July.
  13. Alessandro Antimiani & Piero Conforti & Luca Salvatici, 2008. "Measuring Restrictiveness of Bilateral Trade Policies: A Comparison between Developed and Developing Countries," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, Springer, vol. 144(2), pages 207-224, July.
  14. Koopmann, Georg & Hoekstra, Ruth, 2010. "Aid for trade and the political economy of trade liberalization," HWWI Research Papers 2-22, Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWI).
  15. Federica DeMaria & Sophie Drogué & Alan Matthews, 2008. "Agro-Food Preferences in the EU's GSP Scheme: An Analysis of Changes Between 2004 and 2006," Development Policy Review, Overseas Development Institute, vol. 26(6), pages 693-712, November.
  16. Douillet, Mathilde, 2012. "Trade policies and agricultural exports of Sub-Saharan African countries: Some stylized facts and perspectives," MPRA Paper 40962, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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