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A Desoneraçao Da Folha De Pagamentos E Sua Relaçao Com A Formalidade No Mercado De Trabalho

In: Anais do XIII Seminário sobre a Economia Mineira [Proceedings of the 13th Seminar on the Economy of Minas Gerais]

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Author Info

  • Fernando Gaiger Silveira
  • Leonardo Rangel
  • Matheus Stivali
  • Graziela Ansiliero
  • Edvaldo Duarte Barbosa
  • Luis Henrique Paiva

Abstract

A desoneração da contribuição patronal com base na folha de pagamentos é, há vários anos, pauta do debate sobre previdência social. Há defensores que argumentam, por exemplo, que a base tradicional da arrecadação previdenciária tenderia a sofrer um processo de erosão. E há também críticos que advogam não haver uma relação direta entre desoneração e elevação da formalidade ou salários pagos, entre outros. Os objetivos deste trabalho são: avaliar a racionalidade das propostas de desoneração sobre a folha de pagamentos; verificar os impactos – fiscais e distributivos – de curto prazo de algumas destas propostas, bem como sugerir o que precisaria ocorrer no mercado formal de trabalho para compensar esta desoneração; e apresentar quais os argumentos correntes contra a desoneração e sua compensação por meio de outro tributo. Uma das conclusões a que se chega é que o impacto da desoneração sobre o nível de formalidade, rendimentos, desigualdade e arrecadação tributária é controverso. Também se conclui que desoneração linear sem compensação pode ser prejudicial às contas da Previdência. Desta forma, a proposta de desoneração focalizada tem as vantagens de ser menos custosa em termos fiscais e ainda de ter impactos positivos sobre a desigualdade de renda. The employer's payroll contribution for pension system relief has been one of the most important topic on the debate about social security. Some advocates that the traditional source of funds for pension system tends to undergo a process of erosion. And there are critics, who argue that there is not a direct relationship between tax relief and elevation of formality or wages paid, among others. The main objectives of this work are: to evaluate the rationality of proposals for payroll taxation relief; to check for the fiscal and income distribution short-run impacts of these proposals (as well as suggest what need to occur in the formal labour market to offset this relea

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This chapter was published in: Fernando Gaiger Silveira & Leonardo Rangel & Matheus Stivali & Graziela Ansiliero & Edvaldo Duarte Barbosa & Luis Henrique Paiva Anais do XIII Seminário sobre a Economia Mineira [Proceedings of the 13th Seminar on the Economy of Minas Gerais], , pages , 2008.

This item is provided by Cedeplar, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais in its series Anais do XIII Seminário sobre a Economia Mineira [Proceedings of the 13th Seminar on the Economy of Minas Gerais] with number 096.

Handle: RePEc:cdp:diam08:096

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  1. Stephen Nickell, 1997. "Unemployment and Labor Market Rigidities: Europe versus North America," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 11(3), pages 55-74, Summer.
  2. Summers, Lawrence H, 1989. "Some Simple Economics of Mandated Benefits," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 79(2), pages 177-83, May.
  3. Gabriel Ulyssea & Maurício Cortez Reis, 2006. "Imposto sobre Trabalho e seu Impacto nos Setores Formal e Informal," Discussion Papers 1218, Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada - IPEA.
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