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A causal relationship between energy consumption and economic growth in Nepal

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  • Kamal Raj Dhungel

    ()
    (Central Department of Economics, Tribhuvan University, Nepal)

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    Abstract

    In the present paper, an attempt is made to examine the causal relationship between the per capita consumption of coal, electricity, oil and total commercial energy and the per capita real gross domestic product (GDP), using a co-integration and vector error correction model. The increase in real GDP, among other things, indicates a higher demand for a large quantity of commercial energy such as coal, oil and electricity. This implies that low infrastructure development limits the usage of commercial energy, which may also hold back economic growth. Empirical findings reveal that there is a unidirectional causality running from coal, oil and commercial energy consumption to per capita real GDP, whereas a unidirectional causality running from per capita real GDP to per capita electricity consumption is found. It is suggested that the input of per capita energy consumption stimulates enhanced economic growth in Nepal.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) in its journal Asia-Pacific Development Journal.

    Volume (Year): 15 (2008)
    Issue (Month): 1 (June)
    Pages: 137-150

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    Handle: RePEc:unt:jnapdj:v:15:y:2008:i:1:p:137-150

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    1. Mozumder, Pallab & Marathe, Achla, 2007. "Causality relationship between electricity consumption and GDP in Bangladesh," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 35(1), pages 395-402, January.
    2. Cheng, Benjamin S. & Lai, Tin Wei, 1997. "An investigation of co-integration and causality between energy consumption and economic activity in Taiwan," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 19(4), pages 435-444, October.
    3. Stern, David I., 2000. "A multivariate cointegration analysis of the role of energy in the US macroeconomy," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 22(2), pages 267-283, April.
    4. Soytas, Ugur & Sari, Ramazan, 2003. "Energy consumption and GDP: causality relationship in G-7 countries and emerging markets," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 25(1), pages 33-37, January.
    5. Ghosh, Sajal, 2002. "Electricity consumption and economic growth in India," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 30(2), pages 125-129, January.
    6. Granger, C. W. J. & Newbold, P., 1974. "Spurious regressions in econometrics," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 2(2), pages 111-120, July.
    7. Yang, Hao-Yen, 2000. "A note on the causal relationship between energy and GDP in Taiwan," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 22(3), pages 309-317, June.
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    Cited by:
    1. Alkhathlan, Khalid & Javid, Muhammad, 2013. "Energy consumption, carbon emissions and economic growth in Saudi Arabia: An aggregate and disaggregate analysis," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 62(C), pages 1525-1532.
    2. Nepal, Rabindra, 2011. "The roles and potentials of renewable energy in less-developed economies," MPRA Paper 31878, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 29 Jun 2011.
    3. Nepal, Rabindra, 2012. "Roles and potentials of renewable energy in less-developed economies: The case of Nepal," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 16(4), pages 2200-2206.
    4. Golam Ahamad, Mazbahul & Nazrul Islam, A.K.M., 2011. "Electricity consumption and economic growth nexus in Bangladesh: Revisited evidences," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 39(10), pages 6145-6150, October.
    5. Akkemik, K. Ali & Göksal, Koray, 2012. "Energy consumption-GDP nexus: Heterogeneous panel causality analysis," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 34(4), pages 865-873.
    6. Gupta, Geetu & Sahu, Naresh Chandra, 2009. "Causality between Electricity Consumption & Economic growth : Empirical Evidence from India," MPRA Paper 22942, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    7. KARGI, Bilal, 2014. "Electricity Consumption and Economic Growth: A Long-Term Co-integrated Analysis for Turkey," MPRA Paper 55699, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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